SOCA02H3 Chapter Notes -Copyright Infringement, Insider Trading, Embezzlement
ProfessorMalcolm Mac Kinnon
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Topic: crime and deviance
- Crime is one of the top three issues in Canada
- Violent crime is now on the rise
- COPS – television show, never shows white collar crimes, always associated with lower class
- Deviance is any behaviour that violates cultural norms that brings about a social reaction. Some
norms carry no criminal sanctions when they are violated such as friendship norms. Violating
norms can also get you into jail, depends on whether criminal sanctions are present or not.
- Two types of deviance:
o Criminal deviance:
o Non criminal deviance:
- Classification system of crime
o Juvenile: treated differently under criminal code with different set of laws.
Agent which person is charged as an adult is controlled by the federals.
Treated with great concern, don’t want to make person a persistent offender.
Usually males, females usually associated with shoplifting.
Males usually associated with stealing cars, assault, drugs, B&E (break and
enter: can include homicide)
- Labelling period of crime:
o labelling person as criminal during adolescence can have impact on the person’s
o has greater possibility of accepting this label and continuing to be referred as this label.
More likely to accept labelling.
- In the nineteenth century drugs were legal and are now illegal
- Victimless crime: Drugs, prostitution, gambling, vagrancy = controversial , not always reported
so they have to use entrapment
- White collar crime:
o Recognized by Edwin Sutherland, 1940
o Committed by respected people dealing with the careers that they do
o Was thought that crime was only committed by lower class
o Costs society much more than common crimes = street crimes
o Types of white collar crime:
Embezzlement: stealing money from the company that the individual works for,
usually from banks using interest cheques
Educated crimes: more profitable,
Copyright infringement: stealing technology and re-selling it
Price fixings: when companies co-operate on what charges are to be fixed for a
Selling unsafe products
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