Chapter notes- politics

6 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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Sociology CH. 14 Politics
Politics
Power is the ability to impose ones will on others
Politics is a machine that determineswho gets what, when, and how power fuels the
machine
The use of power sometimes require the use of power
People obey political rules because they are afraid to disobey (like paying for parking
tickets, paying taxes among the Canadian Revenue Agency etc)
Authority – is legitimate institutionalized power
Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified, power is
institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use
These norms and statuses define how authority should be used, how individuals can achieve
authority, and how much authority is attached to each status in the organization
Max Weber described 3 ideal bases: traditional authority, legal rational authority and
charismatic authority
1. Traditional authority – particularly in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers
inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize
leadership is widely believed to derive from the will to God.
2. Legal rational authority – is typical of modern societies. It derives from respect for the
law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these laws are
rational. If someone achieves office following these laws, his/her authority is respected
3. Charismatic authority - is based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals that
thwy are inspired by a God or some higher principle
Charismatic figures are sometimes emerge in political revolution
Political revolution- is the overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement
and its replacement by new institutions
Politics can take place in all social settings, include face to face relationships, families, and
universities however, political sociology is mainly concerned w/ institutions that specialize
in power and authority
www.notesolution.com
State – consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a countrys
laws and public policies
Civil society – ismade up areas of social life” - the domestic world, the economic sphere,
cultural activities and political interaction which are organized by private, or voluntary
arrangements b/w individuals and groups
Authoritarian states - sharply restrict citizen control of the state
In a Totalitarian state, citizens lack almost any control of the state
In a democracy citizens exercise a high degree of control over the state. They do this
mainly by choosing representatives in regular, competitive elections
In modern democracies, citizens do not control the state directly
Political parties – are organizations that compete for control of government. In the
process, they give voice to policy alternatives and rally adult citizens to vote
Lobbiesare organizations formed by special interest groups to advise and influence
politicians
Mass media –include the print, radio, television, and other communication technologies. In
a democracy, the mass media help keep the public informed about the quality of
government
Public opinion refers to the values and attitudes of the adult population as a whole
Social movements are collective attempts to change all or past of the political or social
order by means of rioting, petitioning, striking, demonstrating and establishing lobbies,
unions and political parties
Theories of Democracy
Pluralist Theory
Mayor Richard Lee – decided to do something about the cities decline after the post – world
war II
He planned to attract new investment, eliminate downtown slums and stem the out flow of
the white middle class
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Sociology CH. 14 Politics Politics Power is the ability to impose ones will on others Politics is a machine that determines who gets what, when, and how power fuels the machine The use of power sometimes require the use of power People obey political rules because they are afraid to disobey (like paying for parking tickets, paying taxes among the Canadian Revenue Agency etc) Authority is legitimate institutionalized power Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified, power is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use These norms and statuses define how authority should be used, how individuals can achieve authority, and how much authority is attached to each status in the organization Max Weber described 3 ideal bases: traditional authority, legal rational authority and charismatic authority 1. Traditional authority particularly in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will to God. 2. Legal rational authority is typical of modern societies. It derives from respect for the law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these laws are rational. If someone achieves office following these laws, hisher authority is respected 3. Charismatic authority - is based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals that thwy are inspired by a God or some higher principle Charismatic figures are sometimes emerge in political revolution Political revolution- is the overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement and its replacement by new institutions Politics can take place in all social settings, include face to face relationships, families, and universities however, political sociology is mainly concerned w institutions that specialize in power and authority www.notesolution.com
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