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Chapter notes- politics

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

Sociology CH. 14 Politics Politics Power is the ability to impose ones will on others Politics is a machine that determines who gets what, when, and how power fuels the machine The use of power sometimes require the use of power People obey political rules because they are afraid to disobey (like paying for parking tickets, paying taxes among the Canadian Revenue Agency etc) Authority is legitimate institutionalized power Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified, power is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use These norms and statuses define how authority should be used, how individuals can achieve authority, and how much authority is attached to each status in the organization Max Weber described 3 ideal bases: traditional authority, legal rational authority and charismatic authority 1. Traditional authority particularly in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will to God. 2. Legal rational authority is typical of modern societies. It derives from respect for the law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these laws are rational. If someone achieves office following these laws, hisher authority is respected 3. Charismatic authority - is based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals that thwy are inspired by a God or some higher principle Charismatic figures are sometimes emerge in political revolution Political revolution- is the overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement and its replacement by new institutions Politics can take place in all social settings, include face to face relationships, families, and universities however, political sociology is mainly concerned w institutions that specialize in power and authority www.notesolution.com
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