Textbook Notes (368,795)
Canada (162,165)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCB05H3 (26)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

4 Pages
121 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB05H3
Professor
Katherine Stuart
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 1 - Human Inquiry and Science • Knowledge is based on agreement; ex. People in china speak Chinese • The second question makes it concrete(when we know what is real) Looking for reality • Something is considered real when there is logical and empirical support • Epistemology – science of knowing • Methodology – science of finding out Ordinary Human Inquiry • Humans use cause and effect as a way of indication outcomes (high education = high paying job) • These ideas can be probabilistic because the effect occur more than when causes are absent • We need to distinguish between predictions and understandings • If we understand the meaning behind something it makes our predictions stronger Tradition • “everybody knows” we agree on something because we learn it from others • It hinders to be a problem because if someone tries to seek a fresh understanding of something they may look like fools Authority • Acceptance depends on status of the discoverer ( believe a medical researcher over your uncle) • Can be a problem because things change over time and mistakes are possible • Both ways helps us gain an understanding and knowledge (starting point of inquiry) Errors in Inquiry and Some solutions • Inaccurate Observation – it’s a thing about our conscious and sometimes we can’t remember therefore we use proper measurement devices to overcome this (write things down/pictures) • Overgeneralization – come to a very fast conclusion (pressure) by observing few events and believing that they form a pattern • Replication : a research study is repeated to verify results from previous findings or to question them • Selective Observation – once we figure out a pattern exists we focus it on future events that fit the pattern and ignore those that don’t (it rained every time I was a child, however it was not true) • Illogical Reasoning – the outcome is certain but there is no logic behind it (didn’t rain for many days so it will rain on the day of our picnic/ I’m still in the game because I’m going to win) What’s really real? • What’s real is pretty obvious and this helps us get through our lives 3 views Premodern View – early ancestors believed what they wanted, however others opposed The Modern View – different people have different ideas but agree both ways (ex. Dandelion) The Postmodern View – All that is real are images we get through our point of view (ex. Book) The Foundations of Social Science • Theory – a systematic explanation for the observations that relate to a
More Less

Related notes for SOCB05H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit