Textbook Notes (368,317)
Canada (161,798)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCB26H3 (17)
Chapter 5

chapter 5

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB26H3
Professor
Julian Tanner
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 5 the structural transformation of schooling accommodation competition and Stratification Introduction Prior to World War II postsecondary education was considered a waste of time now it is seen as a necessity This chapter investigates three ongoing transformations of existing structures and advances three important arguments o First schools have accommodated more and more types of students by diversifying their offerings and greatly expanding their range of programs courses and services an inclusive or egalitarian pressure o Second segments of education are also becoming more competitive Students face an intensifying competition in seeking entry to more desirable sectors of educationo Third these crosscutting pressures inclusion vs contest are altering forms of stratification in Canadian education While K12schools have long sorted students for different futures more of that selection process is moving upwards into higher education Thinking structurally Established Stratification One of the fundamental roles performed by schools is social selectionassigning badges of abilityStratification refers to structuring different programs or institutions as higher or lower than one another and linking that hierarchy to better or worse opportunities in advanced levels of education or in job markets Links between school attainment and life chances appear to be strengthening in CanadaTradition form of educational stratification in high schools has been known as streaming in Canada and tracking in the United States Streaming consists of splitting students into ability groups typically consisting of an upper stream bound for postsecondary schooling and lower tiers offering vocational trainingStreams have consequences for students serving as institutionalized social mechanisms shaping both their postsecondary options and eventual labour market choicesStudents from wealthier and more advantaged family backgrounds tend to enter academic programs which foster better higher education and labour market outcomesStudents from poorer and more disadvantaged family origins tend to enter vocational programs which have relatively poorer postsecondary education and labour market outcomes School effects are small relative to stream and individual background effect because most schools across Canada are structured similarly and most teaching is done in similar ways
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