Textbook Notes (363,263)
Canada (158,281)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCB26H3 (17)
Chapter 3

SOCB26 Chapter 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Julian Tanner

CHAPTER 3: CONTEMPORARY SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO SCHOOLING Introduction: Changing Contexts for Schooling Daniel Bell - linked great societal changes to massive shifts in peoples work; great economic revolutions th rd - late 20 century the 3 revolution post-industrial revolution aka informationknowledge society had begun - Based on human professional service sector (e.g. communication, sales, government) - Predicted shifts in the location of peoples work and in its essential content o theoretical knowledge would be more central to ppls job especially when comparing service-sector jobs to agricultural or industrial jobs o importance of innovation, research and development and smart technologies o predicted the as computer the driving force in the contemporary period Nico Stehr - knowledge = the key source of economic growth, defining contemporary society; the knowledge society - modern innovation depend increasingly on the pure research of university scholars - politicians are strong in building bridges between education, knowledge and the economy - with increasing global competition policy makers have been quick to point to education as a producer and disseminator of knowledgeas critical to national success Clement & Myles www.notesolution.com- the net result of the shift to services has been to increase the requirements for people to think on the job - more jobs require autonomy, cognitive complexity and dexterity - a key consequence of this shift: a persons level of education shapes their economic rewards: ever-higher levels of schooling = increasingly high earnings for more educated individuals - These economic changes have been accompanied by great cultural and demographic shifts - one shift has been the continual decline of religious authority - early university charters (John Meyers term for) societys granting of authority to schools which in turn gives their graduates a recognized status were awarded to institutions with strong religious ties - Religion now plays far less of a role if any in socializing most young Canadians o decline in religion has helped alter the cultural underpinnings of modern life - Culture is about peoples taken for granted social conventionsthe principles of action, the habits of speech and gesture, and the recipes or scenarios about how to act - Culture: peoples cultural tool kit: a set of guidelines or social rules that range from turn taking in conversations, queuing or dressing to much deeper social mores - (Durkheim and Weber): the continual erosion of religion has given rise to a new set of values, one marked by rising individualism: a belief in the importance and virtue of self-development, self-reliance, and personal independence and less deferential attitudes Ronald Inglehart - Newer generations are exposed to economic prosperity and receive more education, they undergo a vale shift = emphasis on self-development, personal identity and unlimited expression www.notesolution.com
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