People of new industrial age believed in progress and cultivated unprecedented enthusiasm for the future. Beethoven"s total number of work is small by comparison to output of haydn and mozart. Did not have facility and speed of writing work as haydn and mozart. Wrote music with great deliberation and after periods of intense struggle. Scholars have divided beethoven"s works into three periods. Prince karl von lichnowsky, prince lobkowitz, and archduke rudolph were his patron. First composer who managed to make a living as an independent music and composer. Music works showcased his talents and appealed to amateur market. Hear loss caused him to suffer psychological crisis. Heiligenstadt testament was a letter he wrote about his suffering to his brother. Composition after 1802 were narratives/dramas reflecting struggle of his life. enlightened hero who had promised to lead a new age of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Beethoven was disappointed his idol was an ambitious ruler on the way to becoming a tyrant.