Chapter 17 Study Guide

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9 Feb 2011
Chapter 17 Ludwig van Beethoven
-people of new industrial age believed in progress and cultivated unprecedented enthusiasm for
the future
-Beethoven’s total number of work is small by comparison to output of Haydn and Mozart
-wrote only 9 symphonies
-his symphonies are longer and grander
-did not have facility and speed of writing work as Haydn and Mozart
-wrote music with great deliberation and after periods of intense struggle
-was guided by inspiration
-scholars have divided Beethoven’s works into three periods
-assimilate musical language of classical time
-find his voice as a composer
-reflective and introspective
First Period
-Prince Karl von Lichnowsky, Prince Lobkowitz, and Archduke Rudolph were his patron
-dedicated his works to these patrons
-first composer who managed to make a living as an independent music and composer
-music works showcased his talents and appealed to amateur market
Second Period
-hear loss caused him to suffer psychological crisis
-Heiligenstadt Testament was a letter he wrote about his suffering to his brother
-composition after 1802 were narratives/dramas reflecting struggle of his life
Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op. 55
-Eroica (Heroic Symphony)
-intended to dedicate the symphony to Napoleon
enlightened hero who had promised to lead a new age of liberty, equality, and fraternity
but Napoleon had proclaimed himself emperor
-Beethoven was disappointed his idol was an ambitious ruler on the way to becoming a tyrant
Second movement
-funeral march
-C minor
-full of tragic grandeur and pathos
-contrasting trio in C major, brimming with fanfares and celebratory lyricism
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