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9 Feb 2011
Chapter 15 The Early Classic Period: Instrumental Period
-Characteristics of instrumental music in opera
-periodic phrasing
-songlike melodies
-diverse material
-contrasts of texture and style
-touches of drama
-piano replaced harpsichord and clavichord
-sonata became leading genre for solo and chamber music
-concerto and symphony dominated orchestral music
-Baroque instrumental music fell out of fashion, like preludes, toccatas, fugues, chorale setting
and dance suite
-keyboard sonata in three or four movements of contrasting mood and tempo
-sonata form is expanded version of binary form
-first section move from tonic to dominant (relative major/ minor)
present principal ideas organized into smaller phrases
-second section begins with opening theme on dominant before modulating to other key
ends on dominant chord in preparation for return to tonic
begins and ends on tonic
Domenico Scarlatti
-sonatas are organized in balanced binary form
-sheer diversity of figuration
-strings short and repetitious phrases
-phrases serve as opener, transition, and cadential formula
-contrasting motivic idea
The Empfindsam Style
-German composers introduced the style in their instrumental music
-CPE Bach used the style
-he preferred clavichord, which has a capacity for delicate dynamic shadings
-style exploited element of surprise
-abrupt shifts of harmony, unconventional modulation
-unusual turns of melody, suspenseful pauses
-changes of texture, sudden sforzando accents
-subjective, emotional qualities
-instrumental music adapted elements of vocal music
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