Textbook Notes (381,224)
CA (168,409)
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VPMA99H3 (11)
Andy Lee (11)
Chapter 25

Chapter 25 Study Guide

2 Pages
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Department
Music and Culture
Course Code
VPMA99H3
Professor
Andy Lee

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Chapter 25 The Changing World of Music since 1945
Heirs to the Classical Tradition
Olivier Messiaen
-compose many pieces on religious subjects because he is a devout Catholic
Quatuor pour la fin du temps
-violin, clarinet, cello, and piano
-do not develop themes, juxtapose static idea
1
st
movement Liturgie de cristal
-violin and clarinet play figures that suggest birdcall, sense of nature and divine
-cello notes are from a single whole-tone scale, repeating sequence of five note (C-E-D-F#-
Bflat), suggest contemplation and negation of desire
-harmony avoids moving forward to a resolution
-chord series are repeated to create sense of stasis/ meditation
-treat rhythm as duration, not meter
-piano and cello play a repeating series of duration that resemble talea or rhythmic pattern of
medieval isorhythm
-piano features a string of 17 durations played ten times
-repeating pitch and rhythmic series create cyclic repetition, sense of contemplation
-cello plays in high harmonics (sounding 2 octaves above notated pitches)
-create ethereal sound, augmented by gentle bird calls in high violin and clarinet over soft
dissonances in piano
New Sounds and Texture
Electronic Music
-musique concrete is to take the entire world of sound as potential material for music,
manipulating chosen recorded sounds through mechanical and electronic means, and assembling
them into collages
-work concretely with sound rather than with music notation
-electronic sounds are created by oscillators
-produce one note at a time
-capable of glissandos along the entire pitch continuum
-project a haunting, voice-like sound
-electronic sound synthesizers allow composer to call on pitches from music key along with
switches and knobs to control harmonic, waveform, resonance, and location of sound source
-create work that combines prerecorded tape with live performers
Milton Babbitt’s Philomel
-soprano soloist with a tape that includes distorted echo of her own voice with electronic sounds
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Description
Chapter 25 The Changing World of Music since 1945 Heirs to the Classical Tradition Olivier Messiaen -compose many pieces on religious subjects because he is a devout Catholic Quatuor pour la fin du temps -violin, clarinet, cello, and piano -do not develop themes, juxtapose static idea 1 movement Liturgie de cristal -violin and clarinet play figures that suggest birdcall, sense of nature and divine -cello notes are from a single whole-tone scale, repeating sequence of five note (C-E-D-F#- Bflat), suggest contemplation and negation of desire -harmony avoids moving forward to a resolution -chord series are repeated to create sense of stasis meditation -treat rhythm as duration, not meter -piano and cello play a repeating series of duration that resemble talea or rhythmic pattern of medieval isorhythm -piano features a string of 17 durations played ten times -repeating pitch and rhythmic series create cyclic repetition, sense of contemplation -cello plays in high harmonics (sounding 2 octaves above notated p
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