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Chapter 23

Chapter 23 Study Guide

Music and Culture
Course Code
Andy Lee

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Chapter 23 Music, Politics, and the People in the European Twentieth Century
Igor Stravinsky
-Russian nationalist
-undermining meter through unpredictable accents and rests
-rapid changes of meter
-frequent ostinato
-layering and juxtaposition of static blocks of sound
-discontinuity and interruption
-dissonance based on diatonic and octatonic scale
-dry and antilyrical
-colourful use of instruments
Russian Period
-ballets are based on Russian folktales
-humans are characterized by diatonic music
-supernatural creatures are in octatonic or chromatic scale
-static harmony with repetitive melodic and rhythmic pattern
-abrupt shifts from one block to another
-unconnected musical events interrupt each other without transition
-create kaleidoscope of diverse textures
-Russian folk tune, popular French song, and Viennese waltzes
-octatonic scale alternates whole and half steps
-there are only 2 whole-tone collections and 3 octatonic collections
-any other transposition of these scales reproduces the same series of pitches
-these scales lack gravitation toward a tonic of diatonic scales so they are perfect for creating
blocks of sound
The Rite of Spring
-imagined fertility ritual set in prehistoric Russia
-adolescent girl is chosen for sacrifice and must dance herself to death
-borrow folk melodies
-music is marked by primitivism, representation of elemental and uncultured
-cast aside sophistication and stylishness of modern life and trained artistry
Dance of the Adolescent Girls
-each pulse in the first two measures is played with the same strength
-negate hierarchy of strong and weak beats that is essential to meter
-pattern of stresses destroy feeling of metrical regularity
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