Chapter 39.doc

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Women's and Gender Studies
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Anissa Talahite- Moodley

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CHAPTER 39: Intimate Male Partner Violence in the Migration Process: Intersections of Gender, Race, and Class Introduction − intimate partner violence is the threat of, and/or actual, physical, sexual, psychological, or verbal abuse by a current or former spouse or non-marital partner; as well as coercion, or the arbitrary deprivation of liberty that can occur in public or private life Background IMPV as a Global Health Issue − the IMPV is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for women worldwide, the most common physical injuries being multi-site contusions and soft tissue injuries − chronic physical health conditions linked to IMPV include neck and back pain, arthritis, headaches and migraines, hypertension, unexplained dizziness, sexually transmitted infections, chronic pelvic pain, gynecological symptoms, and gastrointestinal problems − mental health problems include depression, acute and chronic symptoms of anxiety, symptoms consistent with post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use/dependence and thoughts of suicide Theorizing IMPV − numerous theories have been offered to explain why IMPV occurs − in general, they can be divided into those focusing on the individual level (e.g., based on biological and psychological explanations) and those emphasizing the relationship at the micro-, meso- or macro-systemic levels (e.g., based on social and gender perspectives) − to overcome these limitations, we used a post-colonial feminist perspective in this study − a review of some key post-colonial feminist authors' work indicates that there is no single post-colonial feminist perspective − however, all these perspectives emphasize the importance of understanding the historical construction of women in and from low- and middle-income countries and its consequences, and the need to recognize, as well as construct, knowledge from their perspective − an ecosystemic framework was also used in this study − ecosystemic frameworks help reveal how people and their environments are
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