WSTA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 39: Pelvic Pain, Sexually Transmitted Infection, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
Women's and Gender Studies
CHAPTER 39: Intimate Male Partner Violence in the Migration Process: Intersections of Gender, Race, and Class
intimate partner violence is the threat of, and/or actual, physical, sexual, psychological, or verbal abuse by a current or former spouse or non-marital partner; as
well as coercion, or the arbitrary deprivation of liberty that can occur in public or private life
IMPV as a Global Health Issue
the IMPV is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for women worldwide, the most common physical injuries being multi-site contusions and soft tissue
chronic physical health conditions linked to IMPV include neck and back pain, arthritis, headaches and migraines, hypertension, unexplained dizziness, sexually
transmitted infections, chronic pelvic pain, gynecological symptoms, and gastrointestinal problems
mental health problems include depression, acute and chronic symptoms of anxiety, symptoms consistent with post-traumatic stress disorder, substance
use/dependence and thoughts of suicide
Theorizing IMPV
numerous theories have been offered to explain why IMPV occurs
in general, they can be divided into those focusing on the individual level (e.g., based on biological and psychological explanations) and those emphasizing the
relationship at the micro-, meso- or macro-systemic levels (e.g., based on social and gender perspectives)
to overcome these limitations, we used a post-colonial feminist perspective in this study
a review of some key post-colonial feminist authors' work indicates that there is no single post-colonial feminist perspective
however, all these perspectives emphasize the importance of understanding the historical construction of women in and from low- and middle-income countries
and its consequences, and the need to recognize, as well as construct, knowledge from their perspective
an ecosystemic framework was also used in this study
ecosystemic frameworks help reveal how people and their environments are understood in the context of their continuous and reciprocal relationships
the factors considered are: ontogenic (the individual history of the partners); micro-systemic (the family setting in which the abuse occurs); meso-systemic (the
social networks in which the family participates); and macro-systemic (the culture and society-at-large)
using an ecosystemic framework, situated in a postcolonial feminist perspective, avoids the creation of simplistic views of IMPV as relating to particular groups or
to people with particular characteristics
Individual-level factors
- men who experienced or engaged in violence were perceived to have mental health problems, such as low tolerance for stress and various stimuli, and symptoms
of anxiety and depression
- they were perceived to be more suspicious of their wives because they had learned to distrust people in general
Micro-level factors
- key micro-level factor influencing the production of IMPV post-migration includes the changes in husband’s and wife’s socio-economic statuses
Meso-level factors
- the most important meso-level factor affecting the post-migration production of IMPV was the change in social networks and supports
Macro-level factors
- post-migration factors operating at the macro-level of society, including economic insecurity resulting from non-recognition of professional/educational credentials,
workplace deskilling, and racial/ethnic discrimination – added to patriarchal pressure for men to meet family and social responsibilities – pushed men to self- and
family destructive behaviours such as alcohol and other addictions, and to infidelity
- post-colonial feminist perspectives are useful in understanding post-migration IMPV, which is produced by the interaction of multiple forms of inequities that men
and women experience before migration, while crossing borders, and after migration that are created in the intersection of several forms of neo-colonial oppressive
relations, such as racism, classism, and sexism
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