ANT100Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Micronutrient, Coevolution, Ossification

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3 Feb 2013
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C H A P T E R 9 : A P P L I E D A N T H R O P O L O G Y
Applied anthropology: application of anthropological knowledge to solve practical problems
PRIMATOLOGISTS AND A PPLI E D A N T HR OPO LO G Y
Primate-source countries: countries with naturally occurring primate populations
Humans near protected areas live in extreme poverty
Relocating residents threatens lifestyle and culture (resentment for conservation biologists)
Local people must be actively involved in protection & management of protected areas
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGY AND HABITAT DISTURBANCE
Sustainable use of local forests (loggers use forests not exploited by animals)
Local communities set up and maintain small plantations for economically desirable plant species (can sustain
primate populations in industrial landscapes)
Primatologists’ study areas prevent forest disturbances
Primatologists and agricultural scientists train local people to shift to sustainable farming methods
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGY AND PRIMATE HUNTING
Hunting pressures along continuum of intensities (low to high) and utilization (local to international)
Primatologists help hunters find alternate forms of employment and participating in international conservation
efforts
Local influence on conservation (ex. Huaorani people practice traditional ways of hunting in national parks)
Hire local hunters as research assistants
Primatologists participate in in national & international efforts to prevent unsustainable hunting of primates
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGY AND PRIMATE ECOTOURISM
Ecotourism: low-impact, culturally-sensitive tourism that can generate income for local people
Less charismatic species gain conservation benefits due to coexistence with other primates
Disadvantages:
o Primates show signs of stress (fleeing, screaming)
o Endemic to areas with armed conflicts and political instability
ME D ICA L A N T HROP O LO G I S T S AN D A P P L I E D A N T H ROP O L O G Y
Variety of scientific disciplines
Diseases, nutrition and health
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION, AND DISEASE
Infectious disease: illness that can be transmitted; caused by microbial agent
Co-evolution: each factor evolves in response to selection pressures imposed by the other
Chronic disease: permanent disease, non-reversible pathology
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