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Chapter 2

ANT100Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Cultural Relativism


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Janice Boddy
Chapter
2

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USocio-cultural Anthropology Chapter 2
Terms Explanation
Culture Learned sets of ideas and behaviors that are acquired by people as
members of society
Race Distinct biological subpopulations, or even subspecies, of
humanity
Cultural
universals Possessed the same kinds of institutions
Symbols Something that stand for something else
Ethnocentris
m using the practices of your own "people" as a yardstick to measure
how well the customs of other, different peoples measure up
Cultural
relativism perspective on other cultures developed into the position called
cultural relativism whereby anthropologists were urged to
interpret specific beliefs and practices in the context of the culture
to which they belonged
Cultural
hybridization the mixing and reconfiguring of elements from different cultural
traditions
Indigenizatio
nCultural features that may have originated in the West or in
America but have been adopted by local people for local purposes
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