ANT253H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Language Revitalization, Sith, Language Shift

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->dialect: came from greek word dialektos (cid:373)ea(cid:374)i(cid:374)g (cid:862)spee(cid:272)h(cid:863) refers to the ways in which people spoke everyday informal conversations that differed from the standard version. ->most standard languages today were once dialect versions, but then people made them the standard. For e(cid:454)a(cid:373)ple, parisia(cid:374) fre(cid:374)(cid:272)h is see(cid:374) as the sta(cid:374)dard fre(cid:374)(cid:272)h (cid:271)e(cid:272)ause it(cid:859)s asso(cid:272)iated (cid:449)ith the prestige of. Paris (not that parisian french sounds any better than any other version). ->mutual intelligibility if t(cid:449)o people (cid:272)a(cid:374) u(cid:374)dersta(cid:374)d ea(cid:272)h other(cid:859)s la(cid:374)guage the(cid:374) the(cid:455)(cid:859)re speaki(cid:374)g dialects of the same language, if (cid:374)ot the(cid:374) the(cid:455)(cid:859)re speaki(cid:374)g t(cid:449)o disti(cid:374)(cid:272)t la(cid:374)guages. This has so(cid:373)e problems since there are many levels of mutual intelligibility but in practice it works. ->dialects occur over a continuum called dialect continuum. Languages that are a part of a dialect continuum are usually languages where the people that speak each language live in close geographic range but then overtime evolved into separate languages. Example: romance languages of europe (french, spanish, italian, etc.

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