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Chapter 5

ANT253H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Communication Strategies In Second-Language Acquisition, Frame Analysis, Medieval University

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Marcel Danesi

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Chapter 5 Language, Personality and Identity
5.1 Personality Language & Personality
Psycholinguistic language & construction of self
Sociolinguistic language & social identity
Grammatical morphemes appear to reveal more about personality than do content
Language profile: Feature of language that reveal ourselves
Adolescent talk: Restricted code intended to convey allegiance to group while declaring
independence from both childhood and mainstream society.
Medieval university student uses lupi wolves to refer to spies who reported on other
students -Social dialect of adolescence
Teenage slang by Hudson:
1. Used by teenager to signal important different they see between themselves and older
2. Social dialect of standard language that is shaped by age based L-profile.
Emotively is a feature of slang socialist (e.g. I haaaaaaate studying)
Connotation is core of adolescent L-profile: Aim at description of others or evaluation of
specific social situation
Cooper and Anderson-Inman: 1. Gaining control over marked linguistic features show a
growing competence in use of communicative strategies that both realize and regulate
behavior and speech patterns appropriate to gender and peer group membership. 2.
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Teenagers achieve relative status in fluctuating hierarchy of their communities by learning
how to advantageously manipulate their verbal intxn strategically.
Maltz and Borker: Teenage boy more inclined than girls to text verbal skill of one another in
verbal duels in order to gain upper hand.
Ritual conflict by eder
Involves exchange of insults between 2 peers, often in presence of other peers(audience).
Competitive in nature.
Goal: keep ones cool
Frame analysis by Erving Goffman
Technique of diving human interaction into separate frames of behavior that can then be
analyzed in terms of constituent units of Self-portray, recognized by others intuitively as
part of personality.
Sequence of actions that identify a persons behavioral characteristics.
Describing strip (actual behavioral scene)
Reducing it to basic typology (actions, language, forms)
Interpreting strategies deployed by characters in strip
Dramatis personae
Latin for cast of characters
We seem to perceive life as a stage and our role in it as character
Occurs all time, hidden agent in determining personal success in social intxn
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