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Chapter Murray

ANT376H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter Murray: Oology, Taxidermy

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Hillary Cunningham

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From Birds of Paradise to Drosophilia - Murray
-scientific specimen
-museums and scientific societies
-social settings
-private and public spheres
-visual: educate through display - privilege
-form, pattern, taxonomy, classification
-wild nature and political globe
-intellectual power
-economic power to travel
-20th century experience-based biology
-natural history
-killed specimen: traded
-taxidermy: technology -> naturalists to study nature in urban capitals
-zoological natural history specimens: preserved remains
-insects are ideal
-large quadrupeds = dry specimens (skins)
-Alfred Russel Wallace: birds of paradise - $$
-ability to find and study in field
-research in 2 forms: collection, written notes and data
-specimen = artifact: shaped by human convention
-subject to human fallibility
-oology: study of eggs
-entrepreneurial naturalists
-gorilla = rare
-Owen: gorilla = more closely allied with humans
-birds = pleasure and ease to be shot
-type specimen: model and standard for species (physical characteristics)
-not proper representation
-differences and similarities - display
-private - decorative and research
-rational amusement
-index museum: every species type
-Huxley: divide with wall of glass
-alternative evolutionary model
-increased professionalism -> biology - lab practices (exclude amateur naturalists)
-interest from dead to living
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