“Canada’s non-status immigrants: Negotiating access to health care and citizenship”
Immigration status / no status = important for determining health care access
Everyone who is born holds dual citizenship:
- Kingdom of the ‘well’
- Kingdom of the ‘sick’
"well" = healthy (the 'good' passport)
"sick" = not healthy (we will all need to use this passport some time in our lives)
o Address complex dynamics of immigration, citizenship, and rights to "life"
o Study access to health care
o Recognition of immigration status in contemporary Canada
Susan Sontag's famous metaphor on illness (well vs. sick)
o Fact: over the course of one's life, one's status changes unpredictably
o One is inscribed in several kinds of citizenship
"hospital" and "citizenship" relationships overlap
Hospital* (according to author):
Is an analytical site of mode of governance
o Therapeutic & bureaucratic
o Care of life exercised within health care system defines the type/ level of provision
of care given, with exceptions
o Practice Governmentality and Biopower
Life with full value = citizens
Life with no value or limited value = non-status immigrants
Citizenship = legal status, possession of rights, political activity (e.g. voting), collective
Non-status immigrants = denote fact that Canadian situation characterized by
prominence of immigrants who are known to the state
Non-status life = life with limited rights, uncertain about future (e.g. deportation), health
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell"
o Give health care unconditionally to non-status immigrants
Different projects of Biopower tend to make life with own disciplinary paradigms
o Subjectifying the "illegal" and providing interstitial space for 'humanness'
o What is and who is 'human'?
o Human Rights: everyone has rights to life
o Security Paradigm: (Global immigration lean towards this) prioritize security