Textbook Notes (362,768)
Canada (158,052)
Anthropology (232)
ANT200Y1 (17)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Michael Chazan

Chapter 2 Putting the Picture TogetherDiderot and DAlemberts Encyclopedia in the mid1700s was to collect all human knowledge into a series of massive tomesthe archaeological record includes the totality of traces left by human activity over a period of more than 2 million years across the globeArchaeological theoryconsists of ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and the ways we come to know it21 Origins of ArchaeologyEarliest evidence of a conscious recognition of ancient objects comes from the early state societies of Mesopotamia Egypt and Chinaex King Thutmose IV in Egypt set up a monumental inscribed stone stela between the paws of the Great SphinxFirst clear evidence for the use of excavation to recover and explore the past was in Renaissance EuropeJohannes Sambucus provides the earliest depiction of excavation for antiquities Antiquarians struggled with determining if an object was manmade or naturally made ex axes mistaken for thunderstones arrowheads mistaken for fossilized serpent tonguesGround stone tools mistaken for thunderstones formed in spots where lightning struck All prehistoric relics were assumed to have come from a fairly brief period of time 22 The Emergence of Archaeology th Archaeology emerged as a clearly defined discipline by the 19 centuryTwo of the major achievements of this period wereThe creation of the ThreeAge Systemdivided prehistory into the Stone Bronze and Iron Ages developed by the Danish antiquarian Christian Jurgensen Thomsen Determination of the depth of human antiquityOrganizing TimeNobody knew how old all the prehistoric artifacts were or how to group themfirst step taken to solve this was the creation of the ThreeAge systemThomsen divided the collections of prehistoric artifacts into 3 periods based on the material of manufacture expanded his classification with attention to the designs found on the objectsThe Establishment of Human Antiquity th Early 19 century was a period of political struggle between Christianity and materialism however a Neanderthal skull was discovered proved the evolutionary theory Charles Lyell concluded that human existence dates far back in geological time and by publishing his work also got the consensus of the scientific establishmentJohn Lubbock 1865 divided the Stone Age into two periods New Stone Age Neolithic period in which there were polished stone toolsOld Stone Age Paleolithic period during which humans lived with nowextinct animals
More Less

Related notes for ANT200Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.