Textbook Notes (368,611)
Canada (162,009)
Anthropology (246)
ANT253H1 (58)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11
Premium

5 Pages
84 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT253H1
Professor
Marcel Danesi
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 11Metaphor y Anthromorphism shows that we experience various things as extensions of the human body y The approach to the study of language as a system of concepts grounded in metaphor is known as cognitive linguistics CL WHAT IS METAPHOR y Unlike visible things life cannot be shown to someone directly example animals objects plants However by comparing it to a stage Aristotle suggested we gain a firm understanding of this concept nonetheless y Defining metaphor poses an interesting dilemma In the metaphor The professor is a snake there are two referents not one that are related to each other as follows o There is a primary referent the professor which is known as the topic of the metaphor o Then there is a secondary referent the snake which is known as the vehicle of the metaphor It is the referent chosen as a means to understand the personality of the professor o Their association in speechThe professor is a snakecreates a new meaning called the ground which is not the simple sum of the meanings of the two referents but rather a meaning that is transferred or projected from the vehicle on the topic As if by some cognitive metamorphosis we now imagine the professor metamorphosing into a snake y In the process of associating the two referents it is not the denotative but connotative meaning y Metaphor was a strategy for explicating or exemplifying an abstract notion such as life y Nietzsche divided human thought into two domainsthe domain of perception consisting of impressions and sensations and the domain of conception consisting of the ideas that the mind makes from perception y Nietzsche saw metaphor as a linguistic selffulfilling prophecy y A scientific theory is in effect a metaphorical inference It is an example of what the American philosopher Charles Peirce referred to as an abduction or informed hunch y We are inclined to glean metaphorical meaning from any wellformed string of words and that literal meaning is probably the exception in the interpretation of strings CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS y Two types of conceptsconcrete and abstract y For Lakoff and Johnson abstract concepts should not be viewed as being autonomous from concrete ones but rather as metaphorical extensions of them y Thus they renamed an abstract concept a conceptual metaphor y Lakoff and Johnson call the generic topic people the target domains and the generic vehicle animals the source domain
More Less

Related notes for ANT253H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit