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Chapter 8-9

JAV132H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8-9: Disruptive Innovation, Kenzō Tange, Mario Pani


Department
Architecture Studies
Course Code
JAV132H1
Professor
Hans Ibelings
Chapter
8-9

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8 - Mexico
-- Rapid population growth after the revolution in 1910
- Modernity in mexico; enlightenment, independence, the liberal reforms, Mexican revolution
- Modernity in mexico reflects the cultural, political, and social doctrines
- Ciudad universitaria was designed by hundreds of architects, artists, engineers,
construction workers, under Mario pani and Enrique del moral’s plan. The campus was both
international and national, a mix of modern and Mexican.
- Modern architecture in mexico evolved from European trends and the art movement of art
deco
- An architectural revolution started by juan o’gorman, juan legarrete, Enrique Yanez (to
name a few). The revolution began small with renovations by luis barragan, to transforming the
city by Mario pani
9 - Tokyo
WEEK 11 The making of a modern Japanese architecture Stewart
7 - Ins and outs of Postwar Urban Rehtroic
-Internationalism: Sun and Shadow
· extensive chronicled period for Japanese arch.: 1950s-1960s
· Japan rationalism, with its functional-symbolic point of view, favoured sculpturesque and tactile
approach
· Kenzo Tange came to occupy a place in the vanguard of renascent international modernism
o Gave voice and expression to Japan’s expanding metropolitan network
o Architectural notions stigmatised by war
o Though he liked the work of Le Corbusier and Wright, he didn’t visit the west
· Tange designed the stadium for the 1964 Olympic games
· Antonin Raymond perceived Le Corbusier’s postwar style in Chandigarh
o Assisted in postwar rebuilding of Japan
· Created Reader’s Digest Building at Takebashi – first ‘permanent’ new building after WWII
o Made it earthquake-proof
o Successfully applied Japense-style principles
· Reader’s Digest Building concern of Mrs. DeWitt Wallace – wanted FLW to make it
o Wanted a design that would serve Japan as a model of the best America had to offer
· Latest technical innovations and materials available in US now copied in Japan
· Raymond first architect in Japan to pursue inspiration by Le Corb in the planning of Tokyo Gold
Club
· Four major buildings not influenced bt Le Corb even though Tange visited Europe for the first time
o Tange’s Peace Center at Hiroshima
o Sakakura’s Museum of Modern Art at Kamakura
o Maekawa’s Kanagawa Prefectural Concert Hall and Library at Yokohama
o Tange’s Tokyo City Hall
§ Brutalities
-The Beginning of Tange’s Career
· Tange’s childhood was a principal ingredient of social and material culture
· Preoccupied with the notion of setting up a monument to architecture as “art” in the heart of the
government district
· Tange transpose concepts of agora and forum in spatial order derived from Buddhist temples and
shrines
o Absorption in these techniques of physical planning was to produce useful results
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