Chapter 6: from rna to protein (reading 366-390) Even though the final product of some genes is the rna itself, most genes in a cell produce mrna molecules that serve as intermediaries on the pathway to proteins. Once an mrna is made, its nucleotide sequence can be used to synthesize proteins. Transcription is simple to understand as the means of information transfer, rna and dna are chemically and structurally similar and the dna can ace as a direct template for synthesis of rnas by complementary base-pairing. During transcription, the language and the form of the message does not change. The conversion of information in mrna to prs represents translation of information into another language. Translation is the process by which the sequence of nucleotides in a mrna molecule directs the incorporation of aas into pr; occurs in a ribosome. Translation cannot be accounted for direct one to one correspondence, as there are 4 nucleotides in.