11.03 - LITLOT - Chapter 2(1).doc

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Department
Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry
Course
APS301H1
Professor
Willem Vanderburg
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 2 – Living In the Labyrinth of Technology 1. Explain the concept of culture as used in the course. • Totality of all things created by the community over time. (Art, religion, technology etc.) • Not something biological/embedded into our DNA • Something that is learned and passed down • A symbolic way for members of a society to individually & collectively make sense of and live in their world. • Places our experiences in relation to every other experience, contributing to cultural DNA. • Cultural unity is what holds a society together – system of myths, hierarchy of values, the sacred • Each experience that a person has is embedded within the ‘cultural DNA’ as a blueprint of who they are, and who they wish to be expressed through the culture and way of life of their society. • Because of culture, the unknown is interpreted by interpolation and extrapolation of the known, which leads to the formation of myths. • CBC – coherent way of life that gives meaning, direction and purpose to the members of a society. 2. Explain how culture affects the way we make use of our senses • the development of the BM and cultural DNA involves 3 meta-conscious processes (happen without us noticing them) 1. Generalization of an Experience - acts as an example that we can base how to act on if there occurs a similar experience in the future 2. Differentiation of Experiences – Distinguish experiences, gives value to them. 3. Integration of Experiences – map out all of our experiences into a structure of experiences and fit a curve through them. • Experience symbolizes a person’s life and has elements of the senses, with the external world. • Role of culture wrt to senses – with experience you discover that you need to interpret the world in a way that makes sense. • Organization of the BM grows, allows you to sort situations and make sense of things • Correlate things with how you feel. • Culture gives meaning/context to stimuli of the senses • Camera vs seeing example • We only consciously sense what we determine is important and the rest is just noise that we leave out. • Determination of what is important stems from experiences that alter the organizations in our brain minds, as we correlate events with all others and give them a distinct order and meaning in our lives. 3. Explain the role of meta-conscious knowledge in human life and society. Illustrate your answer with some examples • The organization of your BM should contain meta- conscious knowledge, which is something that cannot be contained/retrieved from your memory • You develop meta-conscious knowledge through symbolization of experiences. • Ex. Conversation distance, learn something if you want a normal emotional response • Ex. Eye etiquette, eye contact intervals, map conversations • Map personalities of people – emotional reaction to etc. • Relationships with others – mirror image of your social self • Meta-conscious knowledge of myths, values and the sacred are what builds cultural unity. • Time, space and matter • Body rhythms • Ex. Values – learn values; learn not to spill food (babies), laws are disobeyed when it strays from our meta-conscious knowledge/ values. • 3 Processes that are meta-conscious that develop the BM and cultural DNA are: 1. Generalization of an Experience - acts as an example that we can base how to act on if there occurs a similar experience in the future 2. Differentiation of Experiences – Distinguish experiences, gives value to them. 3. Integration of Experiences – map out all of our experiences into a structure of experiences and fit a curve through them. 4. Explain how babies and children acquire a meta-conscious knowledge of the culture based connectedness of the society in which they grow up • They will go through three processes 1. Generalization of an Experience – act as an example that is the basis for other similar situations 2. Differentiation of Experiences – distinguish experiences by assigning them a value 3. Integration of Experiences – map out all of our experiences into a structure of experiences and fit a curve through them. • Acquire meta-conscious knowledge through meta- conscious experiences of his/her structure of experience. It symbolizes the connectedness of their life with the lives of other people via relations based on social roles created and sustained by a way of life. • Through correlation experiences • Giving things a meaning • Restructure BM • Many relationships are impossible for young children until they have a meta-conscious understanding /knowledge of their physical selves • Babies learn to make sense of the world through acquisition of culture • For a newborn baby, everything is a blur and nothing really has meaning • If the baby can sense that it’s mother is always around, it can sense that it’s mother is something meaningful • Physical objects are meaningless until they can be touched/ felt • If the baby is told to ID its mother, it can determine from ppl’s reactions who their mother is • Develop meta conscious knowledge through symbolizing experiences • A child learns things in the process of being socialized into culture • Organization of the BM grows, sorts situations and makes sense of things • Correlate things with how they feel • This correlation happens with all aspects of life and the child understands the culture • This also happens with language, understanding basic grammar before learning it in school. 5. Explain some of the primary differences between human memory and a computer memory Human Memory Computer Memory • context of previously entered • store info that is separated information greatly changes from any context in a manner the way that new that is not affected by experiences are seen and the previous or subsequent way that new problems are information. solved • meant for dealing with • humans cope poorly with repetition and algorithms repetition • memory is independent of • all memories are inter related other memories • give experiences a meaning, • no symbolization, no organize them in terms of meaning to human life value • memory is independent • reorganize BM with every new experiences making correlation (map of reality), enfolding etc. 6. Explain how the organization of the brain mind of the members of a traditional society acts as a mental map used to orient them in their world • The structures of experiences of the members of a community simultaneously symbolize their individual lives and their collective existence. • Each moment is lived in the full context of a person’s generalization, differentiation and integration so that any experiences continues for a person’s entire life. • That moment will become integrated into the way of life of a community and becomes part of it and helps it to evolve. • This results in meta-experiences of a person’s structure of experiences which symbolizes the connectedness of a person’s life with the lives of other people that they share their life with. • With those other people via relations based on social roles created and sustained by a way of life. • These clusters of relations recreate the customs, traditions and institutions of a society on a daily basis. • Maps personalities (others and self) • Organization of the brain mind sets up a mental map in which to live in the world • Sets up a series of myths that converts the unknown into an extension of the known 1. eliminates threat of unknown 2. makes other ways to live impossible 3. inhabitants believe reality is the true one 4. makes hierarchy of values giving meaning to our experiences in our lives 5. reason for living 6. central myth 7. ultimate good 8. common belief binds members of society together and creates a measure of order 7. Explain how we learned the conversation distance and the eye etiquette of our culture • Was learnt through meta-experience in order to develop meta-conscious knowledge. • You will learn what the norm is if you want to have a normal emotional reaction 8. What would happen to a society if no meta-conscious knowledge, corresponding to the cultural unity was created in the minds of its members? • The cultural unity of a society is what holds it together • Since all individuals are different, a society would split apart if there lacked cultural unity. • Since there is no meta-conscious knowledge, the society would not be able to communicate or interact well with one another. • Since everyone would be completely different, there would be nothing to converse about. 9. Explain the new cultural unities that emerged in the organization of the brain minds of people in the first generation of industrial societies • System of Myths – convert unknown into extension of known (interpolate/extrapolate), eliminates threat of unknown, provide stability by allowing society to believe that their reality is the only one • Hierarchy of Values - gives meaning to experiences in our lives, gives
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