CLA160H1 Chapter Notes -Temnos, Cynuria, Pheidon Ii

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
march 6, 2013
Argos like corinth caught between athens and peloponnese.
in terms of area head of argolic gull in NE peloponnese in are acalled the argolis. This area sought
extensive occupation. fortification wall on the hill. when palace administrative seized in different areas,
settlement continued.
later 10th C, see changes starting to appear. particularly at settlement pattern*
Apsis Larissa* 10th C settlement later grew into basis in arhaic city. agora area and most of major
monumental buildings in southerly portion of the site. through archaic and classical, argos controled
area of territory included key site at Tiyrns and Mycenae and Lerna and Asine.
in the archaic period in terms of literature, argos appear in homeric ships (hom II) (slide) catelogue of
ships because it lists all different grups of greeks and leaders and how many ships brought in the
acheans. it gives indication of what communities were large* and small* in archaic period and also
which hero associated with polis. thus Argos-Diomedes. Tiryn grouped with argos as well.
(troezen evacuation) good at warcry giving hoeric text and told 80 ships aka argos was powerful.
Diomedes as hero are in epics such in Il. givve wise counsil, battle charge (aphrodite wounded) wins 2
contests in funeral games (chariot and javelin contest) for patrocolus. and important fights as odysseus
desribes while traveling. he was a guy invovled in bring philoctetes from lemnose gets palladium.*he
was invovled for steal palladium (athena) it didn’t exist but represetn a habit ancient ppl had of taking
meteorite and using them as cult object. he and odyssesus great warrior and stole it from troy. and 7
against theebe epic. one of the 7 hereos went to thebes and didn’t accomplish mission and he is
included in this nuber.
the point is, he was well known and popular hero. he mirrored high status argos and power of argos in
the archaic period.
stories about archaic period are associated with the Heraclidai (dorians) and different stories associated.
fell under control of Temenos. (slide) leader of heraclidai and take argos and takes control of arog's
controled city.
moving into more historical period, we come to Pheidon* may have been a king but described as a
tyrnat. F 1A. the marble puts him at year 895/4 BC. not sure when he really lived but tends towards early
7th C. he was 10th King after temnos. and presided over olympic game and top leader over all
peloponnese and encouraged spartan rivlry. Battle of Hysaie 669-8 BC.
archaelolgy discovered near full hophile panoply in grave of argos in 710-700 BC. impressive helment
with crest at the top and bronze brest and back plate. and the greives and shield is missing. eearly
example of hoplite techonolgy* might suggest, argos dominant and able to equip sldiers with newest
and best forms of arms and amour..
Hdt not too fond of him as being tyrannical. controled and drove eleans out to be in charge of olympia
himself.
Arisotle uses him as example of kings who became tyrnats* old hereditary kingship as common
ingeometric greece after heraclidi and before kingship was stopped and magistracy came in. classical
interpretation of royal behaviour and later interpretation.
the question is what is the stuff about weights and measures? to Aigina. what's the connection?
bassically, its location in economic activity. it was seafearing and traded. first standardized weight
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Document Summary

Argos like corinth caught between athens and peloponnese. in terms of area head of argolic gull in ne peloponnese in are acalled the argolis. This area sought extensive occupation. fortification wall on the hill. when palace administrative seized in different areas, settlement continued. later 10th c, see changes starting to appear. particularly at settlement pattern* Tiryn grouped with argos as well. (troezen evacuation) good at warcry giving hoeric text and told 80 ships aka argos was powerful. F 1a. the marble puts him at year 895/4 bc. not sure when he really lived but tends towards early. 7th c. he was 10th king after temnos. and presided over olympic game and top leader over all peloponnese and encouraged spartan rivlry. Hdt not too fond of him as being tyrannical. controled and drove eleans out to be in charge of olympia himself.

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