Focus on construction of persian and otherness not every other group. Just like gender and ethnicity was socially condition construct. Seeing who we are requires us to establish a value system. Value system we have depends on notions of who e are. In the greek mindset ,they had certain values because they were hellenes and they are hellens because of the certain values. Differennt concept of hellenic and non-hellencitc of value systems. Particularly with persains we as hsitorians back on society and we an identity as having important role in structuing value system and greek identities. One of these are culture looks around itself. (geography)* If we compare world as it was seen by the greeks persians. We have two different understanding of geography and same geography. Ring of power and given kingship to darius backed by royal satraps. Transition of long inscription of darius i rock cut monument in behistun. leaders of the peoples he subjugated.