CLA160H1 Chapter Notes -Pankration, Opheltes, Melicertes

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Historians calls the agonisitc spririt" contest (agon: draws attention to where we get the word agonybecause it wasn"t a friendly competition. In gk soceity, it worked out in more that atheletic world but place in politics, social relatiosn and between individuals within communities as a whole in shaping behaviour of pal in gk society. Idea of competition brought us to the 4 big stephanitic games. 4 stephanitic/panhellenic games: olympia, pythia, isthmia, nemea. Origin= funeral game and heroic contests: pelops vs oinomaios (olympia, apollo vs. python (delphi, theseus vs sinis/ for melikertes (isthmia, 7 against thebes for opheltes (nemea) Prizes= stephanos (wreaths/crown: olive (altis at olympia), laurel (honor of apollo), pine (isthmia), wild celery (nemea) Pentathlon (jump, javelin, discus, wrestling , stadion race) While each had own distinctive characteristics, there were few themes emerge having to do with gk appraoch to sports. Use of equipment: assist them in doing the task better.

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