CLA160H1 Chapter Notes -Diodorus Siculus, Chilon Of Sparta, Dressage

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
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of 5
Feb. 13, 2013
Celebrating victors
Olympioniaki olympic victors (olympia and nike)
there are few surviving example. one is text from Chronika by Eusebius. Olympic victors… created at the
middle of 4th C AD. his text is known through latin translation. stadion race.
Diodorus siculus in his book on universal history preserve reference and he was a source for Eussebius.
historian Dionysius who also wrote chronia which is missing but the roman anituquities (using olympic
victors to date other eents) but these are fragmentary.
there are sections preserved in other text such as the first list created by Aristotle and eratoshtenes.
series of biographies…. diogenes: refers to olympic dates.
(slide,) victory in horse race 71st olympiad (496 Bc) when the philosopher lived.
aristotle intersted in cateologuing known information from natural world.
big and accurate olmypic list appeal to their method of doing things.
Eratosthenes research and large olympic victor's list.. catalogue all knoweldge of the world and
human history.
likewise aristotle
list of Pythia victors PYTHIONIKAI* by aristotle. and list from number of different inscription from delphi.
from the marginal annotation on pindar's manuscript similarily pausanias gives some dates and victors.
most of victor's list were interest. offering a way to count back in time and when certain ppl
lived…intended in records of victories and impotance of victors throughout indicates just how
momentous these victors were…. they were remmebered continously after game started and these are
Panhellnic list. important role.
idea of keeping lists of victor in way of honoring them publicly and what took place and practice
continued on with lesser games.
from pypri and around greek world in hellenistic roman period….
except for few other victors of new events, the later list tend to give us names of victors for all different
events and age category.
(slide) victor's list from 267 BC at alexandria. games held in honor of the ptlomeaic kings.
told number of things: what types of competition, types of age categories, and who game organizers
(agonothetes) and prize was bronze vases.
different games were trumpters, herald, torch race, boxing, dolichos, stadion, diaulos, pankration,
hoplitodromos, equestrian(dressage- show of skill and training), horse race (stadion)…
categories: boys, beardless youths, men, ptolemaikoi (ptolemeia) these were atheletes who would
qualify for ptlemeia games… institued by ptolomy kings. held every 4 years. a special categories for
atheltes who fit qualifications for the ptelemeia games aka pro athetle category)
beyond just keeping lists who won what and when, there were other ways praising and celebrating
victors
one of these were statues. cramed into altis… sacred way of olympia. there were a lot of victory statues.
organized roughly according to reigional. most of the statue at olympia are known through pausanias
testimony. but some cases there are inscriptions from bottom of statue.
same victory statue at delphi, otsthymia, and nema…. these are dedication set up for zeus, other deities.
these dedications were added to praise vicotrs at the same time.
its clearly to elebrate herself (the horsechariot winner)
pusasnis reference announce ahtelhte vicotr and the sculture*(slide) description of Chilon.
he gives a summary but got info from the inscription he saw and restated it. Chilon speaks for himself
he died at a battle…. told statue was made by an artist who lived in late 4th C (fits date of battle0 in both
cases, chilon were fighting with acheans vs. macedonians.
more of the acheans were invovled in the battle….
statue of Cyniskos- a boy boxer for mantinea and was made by polykletios made the statue. it is the
inscription confirm his name, and won the boxing competition.
likewise, pythokles again paus describe statue and the statue base… (slide) who won the pentathelton.
why and how paus knew that he won the pankratheon?
why the name polykletos and {polykleitos} "I" correct speeling…. original inscription was deidcation. the
name of the artist was secondary to the name of the vicotr and dedicator. here, they didn’t bother to
inscirbe roperly and mispelled it without an 'I' but when romans ruling greece nad getting interested in
greek art aka statues, some roman patrons who was wealthy and had a lot of authority removed statue
base and was now deemed as work of art and roman took into their personal collection.
new statue was put onto base… position of feet were different. foot attachments (holes of stone base)
attached and they were different. seeing how the statue moved.roman who replaced statue emphasized
artist, the famous artist olykleitos.
the greek victors of the classicla period like pythocles of elies were commissioning vicotry statue as a
way of thanking gods and physiacl victorius presence. in regards to this idea, and staute can stand for
real person, and represent real person, visiually accurate and stand for a real person, we have an
example of Kleobis and Biton*** story recorded by herodotus. solon visited creosus and the idea of the
most blessed ppl in the world. and he mentioned the 2 young men from argos. they wree atheltes won
victories. most famous for physical strength… festival at godess of hera. mother was sitting on their
wagon wanting to get to festival bt the oxen didn’t come… thus the son piked the wagon and
themselves dragged mom to the festival. 45 stadion/45miles in length. their mother prayed to goddess
to son the best she had to offer. thus, went to sleep and never woke up. therefore best offering was
death**** sent two statue as dedication to delphi and thus the two statue.
(still debates about if the statues were from herodotus…. or restorations….but took particular care)
thus these are archaic statues.. key thing is that they are rperesnetation of these 2 men… they are not
visiual accurate representation bt accurate in the sense of the qualities that the men were praised for-
vicotyr, strenghtn, manliness, virtue*****
indiciation from different text, ancient scultpure more hapy to ake comission creating dedicatory statues
because ahteltes would serve moderl for various poses and chance to perfect own skills to depict variety
of dynmamic positions. victors statue represtned their own particular sports**
thus earlier question was because the statue itself depicted the javelin… signify that he was a
pantathelte. example like this is called the IZMIRE RUNNER* bronze statue recoveedf from sea in turkey
KYME along the coast. brozne statue of victorious athelte running. sown the wreath.. and left hand he
was carrying something… this is common for ancinet statue both marble copies and original copy…
attachments… but its not attached when found. metal attachemnets go missing…. >.<
bt thoguht it was a torch.. perhaps a statue of thes torch runner? because he is young… because he has
no beard… but older than a boy but a youth which would work with the torch race which was for the
young ppl.
basis of syle is 1t C BC or 1st C AD.
ex. diskbulous… vicotyr statue to commmorate discus thrower. another way of praising and celebrating
ahtelte was through poetry or song.
Epinikian odes** vicotr's odes by pindar and bacchylides
pindar composed poem intended to be sung accompnment of pyre. he lived from mid 6th C to mid 5th C
BC. he set to come from noble family of long tradition of musical skill and sent to athenes when he was
teenager and was associated with poets. studied for a while with great names and returned to boeootia
to study furhter… paus reference this where we were told that pindar competed with Corinna* (lyric
poet, she was self praised by city was a victor of poet and received public tomb and paitning of herself in
the gymnasium) won against pindar at thebes…. gives detais about dialect 2 poets used.. another
poetess Myrtis*(comepted in compeittion as well). pondar was prof poet from teen years. he received
many comission from poem, songs composed for festibavals nad occasion honoring particular ppl nad
deeds. among wwas the epinikian odes (only survived) we have to juge abd base our assessment on
these only. these victories were grouped into 4 collections. matching 4 major olympian oade,s pythian,
isthmian, nemena odes.
Pythian Number 10 Hippokles from thessaly. he won boys dialous race at 22nd Pythia 502 BC.
in that date, pinar was around 20 years old… still early part of his carrer.
next oldest poem from him was pythian 6 a vicotry poem for Xenokrates of Acragas (city in sicily) this
poem and vicotyr of was victory for chariot race in 24th Pythiad 494 BC. later 20s for pindar.
his poem states who and what and when. information is al there….. pindar works at a lotfo mythical
illusion… for mytholocical heroeic comparison. patron (commisoner) were tyrants and kings aka
powerful state leaders. ppl who afford send winning victors in the first place, and also safford to hire
pindar himself. one stage, he visted sicily. and once he visited he spent times at different prots. viited
ahtnes and he was popular at delphi often competeed in pythian game and given special chair at venue.
very famous men in his own day and remained famous after he died.
tehse odes were intended for performance* part of sacrifice to celebrate vicotry OR banquet folowed by
sacrifice. gnerally celebrated by pindar was the skill of athelte* or sel equestrian…. praises the wealth of
the owner (because its thw ehalth theat made you win) also praised the peity of the victor because
imprtnat thing is to show gods honored someone who was honoring them.
case no poets around, there were options of sending inscriptions.
ex. lists of tragic actor/ athtelte 276-290 BC. (blakcboard)

Document Summary

Olympioniaki olympic victors (olympia and nike) there are few surviving example. one is text from chronika by eusebius. Olympic victors created at the middle of 4th c ad. his text is known through latin translation. stadion race. Epinikian odes** vicotr"s odes by pindar and bacchylides pindar composed poem intended to be sung accompnment of pyre. he lived from mid 6th c to mid 5th c. 200 dachma and wasn"t paidi so asked to be given. honor came form of tax excemption. ), starting gate mechanism, ? pulley for starting gate, sand pit and mud pit- wrestlers used, oil, sculptors. largest prizes was 5000 den to penkration vicotr and 3800 given to wrestling and boxing contest and. 2700 den to first place in tragedy contest. this comes from the later lgames with larger cahs prize. another improtant victory prize given out to one particular city was the vases given out in athten the.