CLA160H1 Chapter Notes -Greek Chorus, Epithalamium, Skolion

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Page:
of 5
Mar. 4, 2013
musical education in ancient Greece
Msuical ini ancient Greek culture
paideia education and culture… is mousike
mousike term music but this was larger concept. music and museum are both on the same
greek route. museum (musion) and its recalls musuem of alexandria. dedicated to preservation
inclluding music and arts and literature and humanities… etc. museum of alexandria= research
insitution and library all in one. temple dedicated to muses… musion is thing and lace of all the
muses. eventually, there were (cononical … each eventally associated with area of mousike
(tragedy… poetry…) not separately from other life activitis.
music and atheletics aristotle-- just like gymnastic training muskie also forms healthy form..
well rounded greek citizen and elite citizen. recall that gymnastic competitio nand training is
accompnied by musicla interpretation. this was also
music and war miltiary life… signials, acmponay for marches, etc. man going into battle
celebrate victory with songs. the focus of the course is comeptitive… role of music in greek
culture is deeper and wider than just competitive than agone mousikoi (greek festival)
agones mousikoi
amateurs and professionals
public and private music
wehther competitive or profression you did music. (greek festival sang songs for gods, weddings, choral
songs for loved ones… etc) private occasions (sympisa) recited songs usually solo…. musical war and
music connected to sport and accompany manual labor and farmers…. 2 main areas.. chorus and
symposium
myth and literature
muses (entertained olympian god…)
apoolo's ephithets: musagetes, kitharoidos
dionysus' thiasos
arsyas
hermes, inventor of the lyre
chiron
heracles and linos
the paean in the illiad
apollo' kitharoidis (musical designation…something who signs nad accompnies themselves to a lyre.)
dioynsus… thiasso includes bacchi and menaed and satyr. music was important in baccic revels… aulous
ivented in most ccount by athena, its associated with a satyre… marsias… lyre* was invented by hermes
who gave it to apollo. most important musical god. (dionysus… becomes patron god of greek theare and
drama) he becomes patron god of professional musicain as a whole.
there were mythological and legendary musician.. created by invention of either musical instrument,
type of music, particular sogns, etc. just like historical greece, music wasn’t limited to professional.
how heroes also practice music…
Homer (slide) iliad
as a aristocrat and good men, achieles not expert but feels just as much as home in the world of
musicke…
trained in music by a centaru CHIRON (tutor of heros). he was famous in greek myth. in cluding jason,
peleus, achielles patroklos. addition to music, same tutor in archery…..
pericles learned music. thus male aristocratic it’s a must to learn music.
in homer, earliest depiction of group where choral is singing. )slide. Paean(song of acheaeans) for greeks
of historical period, there were models of cultural in musike. mytholgical divine origin are justification
nad explanaition for own practices.
Chorus
festivals: hymns, paeans, dithrambs, partheneia
funerals: threnos, linos-song
weddings: hymenaios, epithalamion
victory celebrations;epinician
chorodidaskalos
choragos
achoreutos (a-choral)
not by professional but amature citizen.
included in competitive events especially the dithramb
these were not limited to comeptition and its not a professional to participate in choruses.
funeral and weddings… (thranos.. lions-song) sung at funeral… weddings there hymenaios (hym to
wedign god hymen) and epithalamion morning after wedding night)
realigious hmn: these wedding and funeral ongs were sung by famoily friedns rahter than professionals
greeks aprtciiapted chorus by childhood. there are chorus of boys and girls of young men and women
and adult men and women.
member of greek chorus, you had to sing and dance in complicated rhyne and melodyies. this was
difficult activitiy required trainier.
dchorodidakalos (trainer, public officila and professional musician himself. chorus was led b choragos
(leader, expert member of the chrous. trainer prepare at local religious festival) or other occasion
(ceompttive or otherwise). this was important part ways greek conveid themselves. term achoreutos (a-
choral) became sysmnonm from brute, cuncilivzed, uneducated… not sharing in education.
Symposium
kalokagathos
encomium
skolion
iambics
elegiacs
auletris (flute-girl)
aside from eating and drinking,elite men performed music and poetry. a typical scenario, these men
recit and chant and sing a little exprt from traditional song in front of their peers and noramlly
accompnay himself on the lyre and take turns participating in this way. some of the type of songs were
epic poetry (very popular) econmium(praise)skolion (short piece of poetry genre of its own or piece
taken from old traiditonal work performed by solo musician with lyre) iambicand elegiac (distingushied
by meter… both each had association with subject matter ex. iambic (satyre) elegiacs( associated with
lamentation and love theme) there are plenty exception to this general rule.
unlike chorus, symposium was a purely male instiution. respectable women didn’t gather here. except
women who were courtesans. auletris (flute-girl). musically trained professional who performed service
at this party. thus its not just a drinking party. as aristocratic greek male, you mingled, exchnage, bond
and share with peers other memebrso of city elites. therefore part of culture kalokagathos (beatuy and
nobiltiy) but in this context, it comes to mean nobility* in the sense of upper class/ aristocracy.
to fully participate in the symposia, you recall mind, classical poetry and erform correctly . simply not
rounded aristocratic men without this skill. not able to share elite culture and be part of soceity with
peers.
msuci wasn’t an extra circular activity. in the wider ense of muskie, it’s a core circcuum with gymnasitc.
education in narrow sense of schooling. schooling like symposium, most ancient history, institution
limited to higher elite in soceity. major exception was democratic athens and polis modeled their
constitution on there. athenians instuted public funded schooling..but at the same time private school
and teachers favourited by aristocracy.
evidene of specific musical school ing scarce. the most informative is the Douris school kylix. (slide)
lyre playing and reading writing taught at same place. the inscription on the vase shows that it was from
the iliad. the central … poetry and litearryte that was most familiar to most greeks. most would read and
write through homer… recite and sing them as well.
those wealthiest who stayed school onger went to lyric potry* more complicated meloldy and rthnme.
learn storys and would learn chanting of epic poetry and sing lyric sgons and learn to study of lyre. lesser
extent the aublos.
this aimed at the kithrodisa (pracise sings and lyre at the same time) this is parallel at what was seen at
the same time.
Musicas as part of general educaiton
kitharoidos
words, rhythms, and melodies
lyre and aulos
paedagogos (slaves who took student from and to school and home)
traditional stories, poems, songs
2 important factors 1. not only those wish professinoal music 2. theres actually some kind of opposition
and between amatuer and professional craft of music.
aristotle' politics (slide)
stress the importance of mske to gynaskie… but doenst want to see too mch training… musical
innovation into traditional pydea.
aristophanes (slid,e)
personified just cause… praise old fahion muscial education enganngered by innovation