CLA160H1 Chapter Notes -Olive Oil, Hippocratic Corpus, Phlegm

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Mar. 20, 2013
sport and Masculinity
man to man engage in sport. picking up few things…. in the end of 5th C. Xen (sldie)descirbes a dialogue
between socrate and his friends. in this case, socartes discuss matter of household management in daily
life. one of the figure socrates speaks about orspeaks to, is Ischomachus, a rich athenian who enjoy well
ordered life and existence. scorates ask his success… and his reply is his daily routine*
get out of bed early…. takes a walk… use trip to the country for a walk…. walk and run the rest at home
and scrape him down. eats breakfast
his morning routine combination of athelete, equestirna and military training through his management
in coutnry estate or political business or mecherantile plus his diet as well. this makes him not physically
atttractive BUT wealthy and highly regarded by his wealthy peers.
morals and social standingis (Y)
the greeks intereted in the gym as institution not just educate young ppl, and gk culture BUT giving
wealth. benefit of the gym to social status, wealth and political succes.s. underyling concept was healthy
boyd housed healthy personality*** this was the whole package for succesful life and man. both
phyilospher and medical physician asserted many benefits and exercise. ckey to this was that it had to
be well regulated*
ischomachus is living and eating right as well. having everything in balnce** making him admorable
REGIMEN= DIAITA*
- well regulated life
- boyd&soul : diet, exercise, habits of living
in order to compensate for natural weakness and enhance natural strength. medical text from greek
phsyciina give decription of different type of regimen described by people.
Hippocrates* 5th C BC, he is arguable the most famous greek physician and his name given to group of
medical text called HIPPOCRATIC CORPUS* this doesntm ena he wrote all of this but few dozen which
scholar atrributed by ipp. himsefl but derived from writing in his trainig manual or written by his
followers. he was said tohave medical schoool at island of Cos.
Humoral theory* human physiology, continued as most popular notion of how human body run. thus
the balance of the 4 humors.
-yellow bile (fire hot/dry)= choler (someone who has tempertandrums)
- black bile (earth cold/dry)= melancholic (prone to low points in their emotional life) usually scholars
-* blood (air hot/moist)= sanguine (positive.. cheerful, balanced, happy person) desirable and most
manly…
- phlegm (water cold/moist)= phlegmatic (moistuer but cold… stable…boring ppl not great intellect)
4 liquid inside human body and depend on their proportion
(women cold and men hot)
regimen was for men. emphasised towards the male body.
each person depending on hwhere their bodytended, needed different kind of regimen and compensate
for undesirable humor. to make you better person.
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one of the Hipp. text was attribted to him. (on the diet-- slide)
desribeswhat was suitable for what bodies and types. sine male body generally hot moist end of
specturm, regieme for men generally had to do with balance moisture in the body and encouraging heat.
*n.b. regimee wants to balance humor. tending towards the fire…. manly man.. you want to encourage
inner heat, you do things to heat you up. moisture= encourage moisture or lessen moisture. thus a
sympathetic relationship with foods, elements, and body physiology.
you see comparison of ischomoahcus' personal routine. he did partial run… he did quick sprint in the
field… thus obviously he was feeling that he was this type of person.
(slide…goes on) talking about how to cool down mositure…. and after different types of food and other
aspect of regimes ex. baths. and drinking water. cold and hot baths give certain amount of heat and
moisture. and the effects from it.
oiling warm, moisten and softens…
(blackboard): section where phsyciian tlaks of exercises, different kind of running distance, wrestling….
is interesting. basically
aim of regimen/erxercise:
to restore balance by
- warming up
- drying out
- moistening
-refining='thinning' made pure* removing impurities from body
- removing air (exercise through music/sing…. clearing the 'tube')
running depends on heats… short distnce do this. do it without body overheating. running in a cloack,
was viewed as good exrcise who needs to retain heat. this was good for losing exces weight and older
man would be wearing a lcoak as well.
long distance run expose to more air that would dry you out more.
swinging your arm (arobic or stretnch) thses needed to be smooth to not cause sprain and skin… the
tone of the skin and muscle on the surface.
boxing give less heat but boxing good for soul and took air out of the body. inscrease breathing and
moving soul and getting rid of air.
wrestlign was good for exterior flesh. tone of the flesh on the outside.
rolling on ground, wrenstlign with himantes… different dteps of physical needs on differetn bodies.
eercising with dust and oil had differetn benefits (oil keeps you warm in winter nad boil in the summer)
dust because it was earth…cools you down. comvering yourself with dust would make you cooler.
for thoes out of shape, phsyciin talks about how you get sore. pain comes because you heated up and
impurity melted out of flesh. they collect and if they are not sweated or breathe… you get cramps. thus,
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