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CLA219H1 Chapter Notes -Livias, Wind Chime, Venus Anadyomene

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Regina Höschele

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CLA219 Fall 2012
Lecture 1:
Battle of Actium: Naval battle near the city of Actium in Greece in 31 BC between Marc
Antony (and Cleopatra VII) and Octavian (later Augustus Caesar). Octavian wins, Marc
Antony and Cleopatra are killed. Last battle of the Republic.
Aphrodite Anadyomene: Aphrodite rising out of the water after she is born
Iambic Poetry: An attack genre, often insulting or crude. Also called Invective
Hieros Gamos: The consummation of a marriage of the gods, often resulting in fertility
(plants, flowers)
Hymn: A song for the purpose of praise to a deity or deities
Misogyny: Hatred of women
Myth: A sacred narrative, usually divine or heroic
Lecture 2:
Ab Ovo: from the egg, to start a story from the very beginning, something Homer
doesn't do
Palinode: an 'Again song', a song used to recant from a previous song (Stesichorus)
Encomium: A song of praise to a human being, as opposed to a hymn to the gods
Argonautica: The stories about Jason and the Argonauts and his quest for the golden
fleece, chronologically before the Trojan war
Potiphar's Wife Motif: The idea of a women turning around and saying a man tried to
rape her when he denies her advances
Barbarian: Someone who is not Greek, often considered uncivilized and exactly the
opposite of what they should be
Comedy: Type of play, characterized as light hearted and funny
Didactic: Something that explains something else or how something came to be
Epic: Genre of poetry characterized by length and metre, often to do with heroes and
heroic pursuits'
Tragedy: Type of play, considered higher than comedy, characterized by the tragic fall
of a hero

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Lecture 3:
Apotropaic: to ward off evil and bad influences
Phallus: A penis
Tintinnabula: A Roman wind chime with bells and images of penises that served an
apotropaic function
Herms: pillars with a bust of a person at the top and an erect dick on the front, named
after the god Hermes
Discourse: An entity of sequences and signs; societies norms and concepts about a
particular topic
Pederasty: A sexual relationship between an adult male and a teen boy
Pederastic seductions between men and boys (teenagers) have the erastes (adult lover)
and the eromenos (young beloved)
Hermaphrodite: named after the story of Hermaphroditus, someone with the genitals of
both a man and a woman
Androgynous: to not look like either sex, somewhere in between
Porne: The classic prostitute with many lovers who pay for sex, often slave women
Hetaera: More of a high class escort, would have a long term lover in exchange for
money and gifts, could be a freeborn woman
Lex Iulia de Adulteriis Coercendis: In Rome the guilty parties could be sent to
separate islands
Lecture 4:
Peplos: full length garment worn by Greek women, the typical women's garment by the
Classical period
Kore: Greek for maiden
Archaic Smile: facial expression of most archaic statues, just a small smile so the
statue is not serious but is also not outright happy
Kouros: Greek for young man
Polychromy: to have more than one colour
Epigram: A brief and interesting poem, from the Greek word 'to inscribe'
Elegy: A mournful song, usually a funerary lament
Epitaph: A short text honouring a dead person
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