Jan 21, 2013
Pottery and chronology
- Absolute sequence- attach to fixed time- newest dates to 400ad…. An exact dating
- Relative- ex. This is oldest,, older…. Oldest new…newest
Explanation to why pottery is so important and it’s such a big thing.
- Locations regional differences, find spots
- Everyday life
o Types/images (myth, historical events)
- Chronology- changes in style
- Social stratification
- Religious practices
- Funerary custom
- Social/culture stratification
- Cooking: different food tradition with different utensils, course ware
- Technology: made to look like something else and replicate it visually
- One of the obvious entry interest is Greek pottery is painted*
- Particularly put on interesting things on it: scenes of myth, historical events, characters, myths,
everyday life, etc. in terms of myth stories, myth image are interesting. Episodes by
MYTHOGRAPHERS don’t often have.
- Occupation is interesting. These occupations don’t come into literary record and interest.
Sometimes these scenes don’t make into written work because low status or wrong gender for
male elite to bother with. These scenes depict performances and symposia.
- Pottery’s utility: ceramic. What do we use for ceramic? Tea sets, tableware, flower pots.
- Containers: glass jars, Tupperware, plastic, bottles, zip-lock, garbage bags, grocery bags… (plastic)
- Pottery was everywhere because mud was everywhere.
- Relatively easy to make.
- Utility of pottery*
By studying pottery, its distribution, we completely open up industry, commerce, techonology, trade
networks, economic systems, changes in ancients economy, shifts of comoodity, tehcn advance, and
- Scientific anaylsis: actual composition of clays gives views of industrial for making and
gathering… we find location of clay sources. Recyclying of older into new and therefore we can
track the transfer of methods of making ceramic from one group to another.
- Chronology: arachalogycal context…. We can know the trvel of pots, good understanding of
specific time and periods and give chronological changes. Not just big mediterancan patterns
but long period of developments and indication. Pottery is holding antiquity together. Covers all
areas of life and covers full length of time.
- First clue that a site lies on the ground*
- We have attic sequence, Corinth sequence, beotian sequence, etc. sequencing types involve a
lot of subjective decision making. is this pot lder than that pot. How do you tell? Is this pot derived from that pot? how to judge whats sophisticated? Simply too discreet styles resemble
- Arachaelogical context helps because it gives stratigraphy of pot styles in the lowest layers and
upper layers are other types.
- How long are pots in use? Heirlooms? How many generations did they last?
- Ex. Athnes: pan atheniaic as: black figure amphry given as prizes at panhellenic gmaes…. Made
to look archaic. So. Black figure where Athens were making red pottery. Artist deliberately made
on purpose archaic style
- Complicates creation of relative sequence of pottery
- Ex of style is difficult and raise issue of how we think about sophistication of cultlure?
- Identified in the early period in the 19 C when arhacelogical faced with greek pottery
- Noticed geometricthtyle. Its emgerging arahcalogical context suggesting first poterry Greeks
were using. 8-7 C arhcaelogical sties where historical record suggested hat this was the
- Called geometric because its geometric: all the lines are angular* or circular…depiction of
human figures are geometric as well.
- There were also simplier version of this
- Simplier must be more sophisticated form of vase painting.
- Painter getting confident and advancing more… stratified and portraying ppl was common thus,
simplier kind was earlier… direct line of development.
- Thus simple stuff
In 7 C, several pots were ORIENTALIZING… suddent appearance of mor fluid flowing minds and slighly
more trye like images of animals and not greek…originated from different culture….and found it in the
east thus…called it orientalizing.
Its vase traveled east not west
- In certain sense, they were right. Protogeometric do appear and orientalizing styles do appear
later I geometric although t