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feb 6, 2013- 321.docx

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Jacqueline Brunning

Jan. 6, 2013 education is important to the constitution of the state. each state has different characteristics. education for Aristotle is important. (educate young) and compasses whole curriculum for future citizens. identifies this curriculum for 4 customary subject: reading writing, music, athletic, and drawing also is important (because no everyone is going to be dealing with affairs and aristocrats) thus craftsmen is important as well. Teachings was knowledge itself- how to think in Greek manner, involved authority (homer is the source) and authority of the state taught young ppl how to connect when working (commercial, state) and also taught young how to conduct themselves in leisure times. so, early period, there was protection for young age groups. Solon, archon in Athens in 594 wrote series of laws to reform the state and series of rule and how to conduct education and gymnasium in the city. ex. Solon giving public morality and whats the habit of freeborn and how he is to be brought up… teens and next age group in succession including private citizens and public manners. public and private aspects were important. law specified things ex. teachers important to have teachers of good character. should be trusted by the state and specified that gym in school should be open in certain times of day and teachers not allowed to open up schools. making sure security of the young ppl were only for daylight hours. all the different activities these boys are engaging in outside gym and performing festival was carefully launched. he talks about character named CHOREGUS (chorus master--arranging directing choirs of young ppl at festivals) comprise children, young men, and instituted was important. need money, have to be age group which they are stable and sober, wise, in order to behave appropriately around children. these roles of public organizers continued with nice inscription from Menandros who carried out duties. gynaikonomos (choirs of women) agonothetes (guys in charge of running the contest at the nemea games) athletic musical contest in honor of god apollo. liturgies public service provided by wealthy citizens involved paying for public festivals. pay dramatic productions, musical productions and special events at sacrifices at festivals. duty of wealth citizens for certain number of liturgies for boys. as with the case of menandros, many of these chrous masters were in charge of managing activities of boys in the city. this would involve selecting participants of roster for children.. involved training them, teaching songs, dances, and make sure actual events on the day of was a success. participation was part of the education* and learn how to be citizens. learning not only by doing but by watching what everyone else was doing some ppl charge of the activities: refers to events to athena (slide show) procession of boys and young men marching into the venue with the priest. college of priest and victors from the games and ppl in charge was the gymnasiarchos and neoi (teenager) and paidonomos (charge of boys) another one 2nd C BC, list of rule for cult of Hermes. paidonomos (priest making sure boys) agonothetes (supervisor of games/contest) and palaistra (wrestling school also entered) schools in Greek world was located in gymnasia. instituted where train athletes and adults go to exercise routines and socialize. gym= enough room to run around, play games, multiple ppl training at the same time. helpful was supply of drinking water and bath afterward and also a shades to be out of the sun, and place to be clothes could be set aside securely. late 5th C, agora served as gym part of the day in athens. (slide) road used as processional route for torch runner (in athens) and it was a handy training spot for them too. end of 5th C there was a stadion in center of the agora in the north end. there was another gymnasium sacred grove of apollo called ACADEMIA. (where plato's lecture grew in popularity) and more buildings were constructed. there were other gymnasia at athens (exercise grounds and educational institution) into hellenistic period, there was a much more regular design. (official buildings found all over the places for gym) ex. pergamum (where the gym was): it was large space, surrounded by columned peristyle, change rooms, and base of the sinks still remaining. remaining from aikhanoum (afgahnistan) old photo due to the previous years. if don’t shared culture, older institution takes on importance and particular focus of Greek activity* (the way greeks conduct unique behaviour) at the gymnasium, you spend time with ppl who were just like you. it was where you knew the next generation was going to follow your footstep of how to be 'Greek' even as far as Afghanistan.. archaeologist in gymnasia found fragments of papyri contain texts as well… it was a place of education (we think in literature) was taking place as well. gymnasia was place of education for children and young men. not just literacy, sports.. but also for culture and music. (how to participate in festivals) and hear stories of heroes ex. Heracles and Hermes. strategies, cunning, and strength. how to be a smart greek* was the main theme. Gymnasiarchos publicly hired/elected official responsible to governing body of citizen in a given city. answered to them they way he managed the gym. might have duties to organize contest or taking the job…. agonothetes charge of athletic contest smaller school special for athletic training charge of palastria paidotribai gym teacher how to do sports. sphairistikoi ball game teachers hoplomachoi drill sergeants and military exercise trainers. paidonomoi school teachers, generally another term, grammatadidaskaloi (specifically for reading and writing) ktharistai chithra players would teach psalteres music teachers or singing teachers. (slide of vase painting) slave keeping place clean lessons, stock supplies, primarily among them were olive oil (needed for athletes who covered themselves and anointed themselves before starting exercise e. wrestler (to better grip opponent). when athlete finished, they scraped oil and sweat and dust off the Stlengis (stele?) scraper. this oil was called Gloios… collected and sold and used as medicine** different mecidines involve this as an ingredient and ppl didn’t go gym to get healthy but also had by products of these… gloios collectors collected an sold it or gym itself would sell it directly to doctors. interesting inscriptions… come from 3 location: (assigned reading) Beroea, Miletus, and Te
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