Textbook Notes (362,820)
Canada (158,064)
Classics (156)
CLA160H1 (43)

Feb. 13, 2013- 321.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Jacqueline Brunning

Feb. 13, 2013 Celebrating victors Olympioniaki olympic victors (olympia and nike) there are few surviving example. one is text from Chronika by Eusebius. Olympic victors… created at the middle of 4th C AD. his text is known through latin translation. stadion race. Diodorus siculus in his book on universal history preserve reference and he was a source for Eussebius. historian Dionysius who also wrote chronia which is missing but the roman anituquities (using olympic victors to date other eents) but these are fragmentary. there are sections preserved in other text such as the first list created by Aristotle and eratoshtenes. series of biographies…. diogenes: refers to olympic dates. (slide,) victory in horse race 71st olympiad (496 Bc) when the philosopher lived. aristotle intersted in cateologuing known information from natural world. big and accurate olmypic list appeal to their method of doing things. Eratosthenes research and large olympic victor's list.. catalogue all knoweldge of the world and human history. likewise aristotle list of Pythia victors PYTHIONIKAI* by aristotle. and list from number of different inscription from delphi. from the marginal annotation on pindar's manuscript similarily pausanias gives some dates and victors. most of victor's list were interest. offering a way to count back in time and when certain ppl lived…intended in records of victories and impotance of victors throughout indicates just how momentous these victors were…. they were remmebered continously after game started and these are Panhellnic list. important role. idea of keeping lists of victor in way of honoring them publicly and what took place and practice continued on with lesser games. from pypri and around greek world in hellenistic roman period…. except for few other victors of new events, the later list tend to give us names of victors for all different events and age category. (slide) victor's list from 267 BC at alexandria. games held in honor of the ptlomeaic kings. told number of things: what types of competition, types of age categories, and who game organizers (agonothetes) and prize was bronze vases. different games were trumpters, herald, torch race, boxing, dolichos, stadion, diaulos, pankration, hoplitodromos, equestrian(dressage- show of skill and training), horse race (stadion)… categories: boys, beardless youths, men, ptolemaikoi (ptolemeia) these were atheletes who would qualify for ptlemeia games… institued by ptolomy kings. held every 4 years. a special categories for atheltes who fit qualifications for the ptelemeia games aka pro athetle category) beyond just keeping lists who won what and when, there were other ways praising and celebrating victors one of these were statues. cramed into altis… sacred way of olympia. there were a lot of victory statues. organized roughly according to reigional. most of the statue at olympia are known through pausanias testimony. but some cases there are inscriptions from bottom of statue. same victory statue at delphi, otsthymia, and nema…. these are dedication set up for zeus, other deities. these dedications were added to praise vicotrs at the same time. its clearly to elebrate herself (the horsechariot winner) pusasnis reference announce ahtelhte vicotr and the sculture*(slide) description of Chilon. he gives a summary but got info from the inscription he saw and restated it. Chilon speaks for himself… he died at a battle…. told statue was made by an artist who lived in late 4th C (fits date of battle0 in both cases, chilon were fighting with acheans vs. macedonians. more of the acheans were invovled in the battle…. statue of Cyniskos- a boy boxer for mantinea and was made by polykletios made the statue. it is the inscription confirm his name, and won the boxing competition. likewise, pythokles again paus describe statue and the statue base… (slide) who won the pentathelton. why and how paus knew that he won the pankratheon? why the name polykletos and {polykleitos} "I" correct speeling…. original inscription was deidcation. the name of the artist was secondary to the name of the vicotr and dedicator. here, they didn’t bother to inscirbe roperly and mispelled it without an 'I' but when romans ruling greece nad getting interested in greek art aka statues, some roman patrons who was wealthy and had a lot of authority removed statue base and was now deemed as work of art and roman took into their personal collection. new statue was put onto base… position of feet were different. foot attachments (holes of stone base) attached and they were different. seeing how the statue moved.roman who replaced statue emphasized artist, the famous artist olykleitos. the greek victors of the classicla period like pythocles of elies were commissioning vicotry statue as a way of thanking gods and physiacl victorius presence. in regards to this idea, and staute can stand for real person, and represent real person, visiually accurate and stand for a real person, we have an example of Kleobis and Biton*** story recorded by herodotus. solon visited creosus and the idea of the most blessed ppl in the world. and he mentioned the 2 young men from argos. they wree atheltes won victories. most famous for physical strength… festival at godess of hera. mother was sitting on their wagon wanting to get to festival bt the oxen didn’t come… thus the son piked the wagon and themselves dragged mom to the festival. 45 stadion/45miles in length. their mother prayed to goddess to son the best she had to offer. thus, went to sleep and never woke up. therefore best offering was death**** sent two statue as dedication to delphi and thus the two statue. (still debates about if the statues were from herodotus…. or restorations….but took particular care) thus these are archaic statues.. key thing is that they are rperesnetation of these 2 men… they are not visiual accurate representation bt accurate in the sense of the qualities that the men were praised for- vicotyr, strenghtn, manliness, virtue***** indiciation from different text, ancient scultpure more hapy to ake comission creating dedicatory statues because ahteltes would serve moderl for various poses and chance to perfect own skills to depict variety of dynmamic positions. victors statue represtned their own particular sports** thus earlier question was because the statue itself depicted the javelin… signify that he was a pantathelte. example like this is called the IZMIRE RUNNER* bronze statue recoveedf from sea in turkey KYME along the coast. brozne statue of victorious athelte running. sown the wreath.. and left hand he was carrying something… this is common for ancinet statue both marble copies and original copy… attachments… but its not attached when found. metal attachemnets go missing…. >.< bt thoguht it was a torch.. perhaps a statue of thes torch runner? because he is young… because he has no beard… but older than a boy but a youth which would work with the torch race which was for the young ppl. basis of syle is 1t C BC or 1st C AD. ex. diskbulous… vicotyr statue to commmorate discus thrower. another way of praising and celebrating ahtelte was through poetry or song. Epinikian ode
More Less

Related notes for CLA160H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.