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CLA204H1 (64)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 summary

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Daniel James

CLA204Nature of Myth What is a Myth y Greek word Mythos simply means authoritative speech story or plot y Defined as a traditional story with collective importance y Plot is essential feature in a myth y Without a beginning middle and end there can be no story and thus no mythy Also a setting is needed to have a mythy Myths describe patterns of behavior that serve as models for members of a society especially in a time of crisis y There are no identifiable authors y For example Sophocles a Greek wrote about Oedipus the king but the myth was created a long time before him but there are no authors y Note in myths because they are passed orally they are subject to change y Therefore different authors emphasize different points y EXAMPLE Poets Homer and Sophocles both report that Oedipus kills his father and marries his mother y In Homers version afterwards Oedipus continues to rule as the truth comes out y In Sophocles play Oedipus puts pins in his eyes and
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