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Regina Höschele

Vocabulary: CLA219 Fall 2012 Lecture 1: Battle of Actium: Naval battle near the city of Actium in Greece in 31 BC between Marc Antony (and Cleopatra VII) and Octavian (later Augustus Caesar). Octavian wins, Marc Antony and Cleopatra are killed. Last battle of the Republic. Aphrodite Anadyomene: Aphrodite rising out of the water after she is born Iambic Poetry: An attack genre, often insulting or crude. Also called Invective Hieros Gamos: The consummation of a marriage of the gods, often resulting in fertility (plants, flowers) Hymn: A song for the purpose of praise to a deity or deities Misogyny: Hatred of women Myth: A sacred narrative, usually divine or heroic Lecture 2: Ab Ovo: from the egg, to start a story from the very beginning, something Homer doesn't do Palinode: an 'Again song', a song used to recant from a previous song (Stesichorus) Encomium: A song of praise to a human being, as opposed to a hymn to the gods Argonautica: The stories about Jason and the Argonauts and his quest for the golden fleece, chronologically before the Trojan war Potiphar's Wife Motif: The idea of a women turning around and saying a man tried to rape her when he denies her advances Barbarian: Someone who is not Greek, often considered uncivilized and exactly the opposite of what they should be Comedy: Type of play, characterized as light hearted and funny Didactic: Something that explains something else or how something came to be Epic: Genre of poetry characterized by length and metre, often to do with heroes and heroic pursuits' Tragedy: Type of play, considered higher than comedy, characterized by the tragic fall of a hero Lecture 3: Apotropaic: to ward off evil and bad influences Phallus: A penis Tintinnabula: A Roman wind chime with bells and images of penises that served an apotropaic function Herms: pillars with a bust of a person at the top and an erect dick on the front, named after the god Hermes Discourse: An entity of sequences and signs; societies norms and concepts about a particular topic Pederasty: A sexual relationship between an adult male and a teen boy Pederastic seductions between men and boys (teenagers) have the erastes (adult lover) and the eromenos (young beloved) Hermaphrodite: named after the story of Hermaphroditus, someone with the genitals of both a man and a woman Androgynous: to not look like either sex, somewhere in between Porne: The classic prostitute with many lovers who pay for sex, often slave women Hetaera: More of a high class escort, would have a long term lover in exchange for money and gifts, could be a freeborn woman Lex Iulia de Adulteriis Coercendis: In Rome the guilty parties could be sent to separate islands Lecture 4: Peplos: full length garment worn by Greek women, the typical women's garment by the Classical period Kore: Greek for maiden Archaic Smile: facial expression of most archaic statues, just a small smile so the statue is not serious but is also not outright happy Kouros: Greek for young man Polychromy: to have more than one colour Epigram: A brief and interesting poem, from the Greek word 'to inscribe' Elegy: A mournful song, usually a funerary lament Epitaph: A short text honouring a dead person The Second Sophistic: A literary period in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD which had authors trying to copy the styling's of Classic Greek writers Agalmatophilia: to fall in love with / be attracted to statues, word agalma is Greek is specific to depictions of the gods Fellatio: The act of oral sex, a motif in the ancient world as a last resort and a threat Vetula: a poem attacking old women Memento Mori: Latin 'and remember that one day you will die' Carpe Diem: Latin 'seize the day' Paraklausithyron: the motif of 'crying in front of the door', usually the man is doing this to the woman he is chasing though Mimiamb: Another word for mimes, associated with the 3rd century poet Herodas Mime: Semi improvised theatrical performances, considered low brow stuff Olisbos: The classical term for a dildo Skoptic: genital self mutilation Lecture 5: Tribade: Greek for 'to rub', the ancient term for gay women Luecadian Cliffs: Apparently where Sappho killed herself, a motif about heartbroken women throwing themselves off high objects. If you lived you were cleansed if you died then it didn't matter anymore Epithalamium: A song written to a bride on her wedding bed Palimpsest: scraping the old text off a piece of papyrus so it can be used again (new writing put on top) Lecture 6: Oikos: The house, is considered a miniature state, the city can only run if the households within it are well run Univira: A woman (in Rome) who married one man and didn't remarry even after his death Pater Familias: The male head of house in Rome, they held full power over his children and grand children right until his death Kyrios: A woman's guardian in Greek society With Manus: Marriage where the woman is moved over to her husband's household, more popular in early Rome Without Manus: Marriage where the woman remains part of her own household, easier to divorce from this Engye: an oral contract between the father and the groom for the betrothal Ekdosis: The woman is then transferred to the mans house, probably with a small ceremony Epikleros: The Greek term for an heiress Metic: A resident foreigner to Athens that had no political or land holding rights (often artisans and the like) Moicheia: The Greek term for adultery, the same term for rape Confarreatio: A religious marriage ceremony involving witnesses and priests, limited to the patricians (not very popular) Usus: marriage by cohabitation for a year (at lea
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