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CLA260H1 (1)
Chapter 1

CLA260H1 Textbook Notes Notes Chapters 1,8,27,28,14-19

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University of Toronto St. George
Ben Akrigg

CLA260H1 Reading Notes Preface y Specialty in research can provide a restricting tunnel vision Chapter 1The Nature of the Field y Objectively the reason why Greece and Rome are put onto a pedestal for Classicist rather than any other society or period in time that may be closer to our own or have rich cultural depths unexplored is simply due to the authority that these two cultures hold in Military Conquest and Institutional power o Greece spread its culture in an expansionist diaspora led by Alexander the Great in his Hellenistic Empire As such Greek culture and knowledge spread beyond its intended Geography o In turn Romes conquering of Greece and much of Europe have left them a huge legacy as being influential on the history of much of Europe Although the Visigoths and Vandals destroyed Rome in 400 AD its religious legacy continues to live on The predecessor to the Catholic Church is without a doubt the Roman empire which adopted the Christian religion and until 1963 used Latin y Classical Greek was only recognized as Classics by the Romans in an attempt to learn to become cultured a conscious decision to be Hellenized in the Greek culture Absorbing the literature artwork and architecture to set themselves up on the base of the Greeks Greek culture was the equivalency to culture itself Homer was Poetry Phidias sculpting Demosthenes oration Greek essentially became the language and culture of the academia y Inorder to preserve the past and its glory the Greeks set up the language of Classics apart from the language of Greece making it a foreign language that required instruction in school much as if someone had to learn Latin y Adopted another Cultures history with the adaptation of Christendom into the Empire The history of the Middle east became the emphasis not the history of Greece or Rome Jesus became the central authority and famous figures in Classical History were on shifting sands as to their importance and place within the newly establish Christian Roman culture thy In the 19 century GrecoRoman scholars began to emphasize research into the texts of the Greeks and Romans in order to paint a better picture regarding culture from the time thy Circa 20 century when Latin and Greek were no longer the language of the academia the focus of Classical studies shifted once more with a focus to literature however instead of the creation towards new perspectives of GrecoRoman literature scholars adopted classical frameworks of thought to view Classics through such as Post modernism Feminism Structuralism etc thy Although a broadening of disciplines began in the 19 century with the increasing of specializations in ththese fields in Universities now the field remains just as separated if not more so before the 19 century there is no longer a broad holistic view of the Classics y Our native language in which were taught have an influence with which how we approach Classics be open to all views and perspectives in order to have a much more complete view of Classics Chapter 8Language and Linguistics
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