Chapter 6 week1 early korea

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East Asian Studies
Linda Feng

Week 1 reading Early Korea to 935Geography settingThe early Historical Period 200 BCE313 CE Documents The Widow of King JKogukhon The Three KingdomsKoguryo Paekche andSilla313668 society and culture Biography Kangsu the ScribeMaterial Culture Sokkuram TempleHan and Tang dynastyThey adopted ideas and practices from outside including Buddhismthe Chinese writingsystem and Confucian ideas about governmentHow Koreas ethics and culture connect to the rest of Asia Geographical Setting600 miles longand 150 miles across the widest point 85000 square milesMost of the land is hillyThe Taedong river in the north and the Han river in the centerCold winter with snow fall Warm and humid summer Human habitation in the Korean peninsula began about 30000 years agomany different group lived in the peninsulaThe main flow of immigration into the Korean peninsula came from Inner Asia Mongolia and Siberia through Manchuria and immigration continued across the TsushimaStrait to the island of JapanUralAltaic languageunrelated to Chinese Tungusicsubgroupof languages of the prehistoric inhabitants of Manchuria and Korea The Early Historical Period 200 BCE 313 CEThe earliest extant source written in Korea is an inscription dated 414 CE During the Hand dynasty State of Yan the Korean peninsular was home to many different tribes tribalconfederations or other types of small pocitiesNosharp break between land dominated by the Xiongnu and Korea The North Choson Puyo Koguryo and the Chinese CommanderiesRecorded by Sima Qianwhen the king of the Han dynasty state of YannowBeijingrebelled one of his lieutenants named Weimanwiman in Korean fled east to ChosonChaoxian inChinese with a thousand followers Choson king put Wiman in charge of guarding the frontier but Weiman seized control of thecountry and set himself as a kingHis descendants ruled until108 BCE In 108 BCE Emperor We of the Han dynasty in his effort to outflankthe Xiongnu invaded Choson and incorporated its territory from te Liao river in Southwestern Manchuria almost topresentday SeoulThis part was divided to 4 commanderiesLelang commandery with its seat in modern Pyongyang was the most important of four This part of Korean remained under Chinese control to 313 CE leading to increase tradeand cultural contact between societies on the Korean peninsula and Han China
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