Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSG (10,000)
EAS (60)
all (10)
Chapter 22

EAS105H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Popular Science, Pork Barrel, Hara Takashi


Department
East Asian Studies
Course Code
EAS105H1
Professor
all
Chapter
22

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Chapter 22 Rise of Modern Japan
A Fluid International Order
- Foreign affairs resonated through Japans economy, politics, society, and culture
- The imperative to challenge white supremacy by achieving great power status and rising
in the hierarchy of nations shaped Japans national identity
- Colonies came to be economic necessity
- Signing an alliance with Britain drive great power
- Going to war against Russia
- Before, Japan forced Korean king to accept a limited protectorate that made Korea
Japans ally and subject to Japan’s lead in administrative matters
- In 1910, Japan annexed Korea. At the same time, Japan formalized control over Taiwan
- World war I proved advantageous for Japan both economically and diplomatically
- Japan also tried to impose the infamous Twenty-One Demands on China
- Following World War I, Japan collaborated with Western powers, joined the League of
Nations
Economic Development
- In 20th century, Japanese corporations took advantage of international technological and
managerial innovations
- Dual structure characterized Japans modern economy
Conglomerates linked through holding and trading companiesZaibatsu 日本財閥
(financial cliques)dominated the most modern sectors of the economy and
produced standardized, high-volume products
Zaibatsu cooperated in cartels that divided up raw materials and access to markets
- Japans industrial sector was well placed to take advantage of World War I
Japans companies found themselves overextended financially and forced to lay off
workers when Britain took back markets in China and South Asia and European
manufacturing replaced Japanese exports
Constitutional Government 憲政
- Hara Takashi became independent prime minister
Used his control over the Home Ministry to make Seiyukai (friends of Government
Party) the dominant party in the Diet
Worked with bureaucrats in the Tokyo office and built a following for Seiyukai in
prefectural offices
Also perfected pork barrel politics
Later Japan had to deal with the Great Depression and fears of Russian or Chinese
threats to Manchuria
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version