ENG100H1 Chapter Notes -Screwball Comedy Film, Human Beings In Buddhism, Fast Talking

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Chapter 9 Rituals, Conventions, Archetypes, and Formulas: Movie Genres
genre a category or classification of a group of movies in which the individual films share similar subject matter and similar ways
of organizing the subject through narrative and stylistic patterns
iconography images or image patterns with specific connotations or meanings
hybrid genres mixed forms produced by the interaction of different genres, such as musical horror films
subgenres a specialized genre that defines a specific, more limited version of a more general genre, often by refining it with an
adjective, such as the spaghetti western or slapstick comedy
comedies a film genre that celebrates the harmony and resiliency of social life, typically with a narrative that ends happily, and
often emphasizes episodes or “gags” over plot continuity
slapstick comedies films known for physical humour and stunts; some of the first films were slapstick comedies
screwball comedies a comic subgenre of the 1930s and 1940s known for fast talking and unpredictable action
romantic comedies a subgenre of comedy in which humour takes second place to the happy ending, typically focusing on the
emotional attraction of a couple in a lighthearted way
westerns a film genre set in the American West, typically featuring rugged, independent male characters on a quest or dramatizing
frontier life
epic western a subgenre of the western that concentrates on action and movement, with a hero whose quests and battlers serve to
define the nation and its origins; this genre has its roots in literature and epic paintings, and appears early and often in film history
existential western a more introspective subgenre of the western that features a hero plagued with self-doubt and troubled by his
changing social status; also designates a number of installation or performance-based experimental film practices
political western a more contemporary and critical subgenre of the western, this subgenre tends to foreground the ideology and
the politics that have always informed the western
melodramas theatrical, literary, and cinematic narrative mode often centered on individual crises within the confines of family or
other social institutions, frequently characterized by clearly identifiable moral types, coincidences and reversals of fortune, and the
use of music (melos) to underscore the action
physical melodramas a subgenre of the melodrama that focuses on the physical plight and material conditions that repress or
control the protagonist’s desires and emotions
family melodramas a subgenre of the melodrama that focuses on the psychological and gendered forces restricting individuals
within the family
social melodramas subgenre of the melodrama that extends its reach to include larger historical, community, and economic issues
musicals a genre popular since introduction of synchronous sound that typically features characters who act out and express their
emotions through song and dance; plots that are interrupted or moved forward by musical numbers; and spectacular sets and settings
theatrical musicals a subgenre of the musical that is set in a theatrical milieu
integrated musicals a subgenre of the musical that integrates musical numbers into the plot
animated musicals a subgenre of the musical that uses cartoon figures and stories to present songs and music
horror films a film genre with origins in gothic literature that seeks to frighten the viewer though supernatural or predator
characters; narratives built on suspense, dread, and surprise; and visual compositions that anticipate and manipulate shocking sights
supernatural horror films a subgenre of the horror film that features a spiritual evil that disrupts the human realm
psychological horror films a subgenre of horror film that locates the dangers and distortions that threaten normal life within mind
physical horror films a subgenre of the horror film that features graphic violence
slasher films a subgenre of contemporary horror films depicting serial killers, considered to have originated with Psycho (1960)
crime films a film genre that typically features characters who live on the edge of a mysterious or violent society (both criminals
and individuals dedicated to crime detection); plots that involve criminal acts and increasing mystery, with often ambiguous
resolutions; and urban settings
gangster films films about the criminal underworld, typically (but not necessarily) set in the US during Prohibition in the 1930s
hard-boiled detective films a subgenre of the crime film featuring a flawed or morally ambiguous detective protagonist battling a
criminal element to solve a mystery or resolve a crime
film noir a term introduced by French critics (meaning literally “black film”) to describe Hollywood films of the 1940s set in the
criminal underworld, which were considerably darker in mood and mise-en-scène than those that had come before; typically shot in
black and white in nighttime urban settings, they featured morally ambiguous protagonists, corrupt institutions, dangerous women,
and convoluted plots, and they used stylized lighting and cinematography