ENG100H1 Chapter Notes -Scenic Design, Main Source, Fill Light

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Published on 30 Mar 2013
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Chapter 2 Exploring a Material World Mise-en-Scène
mise-en-scène a French theatrical term meaning literally “put on stage”; used in film studies to refer to all the elements of a movie
scene that are organized, often by the director, to be filmed and that are later visible onscreen; they include the scenic elements of a
movie, such as actors, lighting, sets, costumes, make-up, and other features of the image that exist independently of the camera and
the processes of filming and editing; a naturalistic mise-en-scène appears realistic and recognizable to viewers, while a theatrical
mise-en-scène emphasizes the artificial or constructed nature of its world
soundstages a large soundproofed building designed to construct and move sets and props and effectively capture sound and
dialogue during filming
set strictly speaking, a constructed setting, often on a studio soundstage, but both the setting and the set can combine natural and
constructed elements
set designers the individual responsible for supervising the conception and construction of movie sets
realism an artwork’s truthful picture of a society, person, or some other dimension of everyday life; an artistic movement that
aims to achieve verisimilitude
prop an object that functions as part of the set or as a tool used by the actors
actor an individual who embodies and performs a film character through gestures and movements
performance an actor’s use of language, physical expression, and gesture to bring a character to life and to communication
important dimensions of that character to the audience
leading actors the two or three actors, often stars, who represent the central characters in a narrative
character actors recognizable actors associated with particular character types, humorous or sinister, and often cast in minor parts
supporting actors actors who play secondary characters in a film, serving as foils or companions to the central characters
character types conventional characters (e.g., hardboiled detective or female fatale) typically portrayed by actors cast because of
their physical features, their acting style, or the history of other roles they have played
blocking the arrangement and movement of actors in relation to each other within the mise-en-scène
lighting sources of illuminationboth natural light and electrical lampsused to present, shade, and accentuate figures, objects,
spaces, or mise-en-scène; lighting is primarily the responsibility of the directors of photography and the lighting crew
natural lighting light derived from a natural source in a scene or setting, such as the illumination of the daylight sun or firelight
set lighting the distribution of an evenly diffused illumination through a scene as a kind of lighting base
directional lighting lighting that may appear to emanate from a natural source and defines and shapes the object, area, or person
being illuminated
three-point lighting a lighting technique common in Hollywood that combines key lighting, fill lighting, and backlighting to blend
the distribution of light in a scene
key light the main source of non-natural lighting in a scene; high-key light is even (the ratio between key and fill light is high_;
low-key light shows strong contrast (the ratio between key and fill light is low)
fill lighting a lighting technique using secondary fill lights to balance the key lighting by removing shadows or to emphasize other
spaces and objects in the scene
highlighting using lighting to brighten or emphasize specific characters or objects
backlighting (edgelighting) a highlighting technique that illuminates person or object from behind, tending to silhouette subject
frontal lighting techniques used to illuminate the subject from the front
sidelighting used to illuminate the subject from the side
underlighting used to illuminate the subject from below
top lighting used to illuminate the subject from above
hard lighting high-contrast lighting style that creates hard edges, distinctive shadows, harsh effect, especially when filming people
soft lighting diffused, low-contrasting lighting that reduces or eliminates hard edges and shadows and can be more flattering when
filming people
chiaroscuro lighting a term that describes dramatic, high-contrast lighting that emphasizes shadows and the contrast between light
and dark; frequently used in German expressionist cinema and film noir
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