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ENG100H1 (10)
A Maurice (9)

pg 19 - 59, 423 - 433.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
A Maurice

Pg. 19 – 59, 423 – 433  production  the industrial stages that contribute to the making of a finished movie, from the financing and scripting of a film to its final edit; more specifically, the actual shooting of a film after pre-production and before post-production  credits  a list at the end of a film of all the personnel involved in a film production, including cast, crew, and executives  pre-production  the phase when a film project is in development, involving preparing the script, financing the project, casting, hiring crew, and securing locations  screenwriter  a writer of a film’s screenplay; the screenwriter may begin with a treatment and develop the plot structure and dialogue over the span of several versions  treatment  a succinct description of the content of a film written before the screenplay or script  screenplay  the text from which a movie is made, including dialogue and information about action, settings, etc., as well as shots and transitions; developed from a treatment  script doctor  an uncredited individual called in to do rewrites on a screenplay  producer  the person or persons responsible for steering and monitoring each step of a film project, especially the financial aspects, from development to post-production and a distribution deal  studio system  the industrial practices of the large production (and until 1948, distribution) companies responsible for the kinds and quality of movies made in Hollywood or other film industries; during the Hollywood studio era extending from the late 1920s to the 1950s, the five major studios were MGM, Paramount, RKO, Twentieth Century Fox, and Warner Bros  post-production  the period in the filmmaking process that occurs after principal photography has been completed and usually consisting of editing, sound, and special effects work  executive producer  a producer who finances or facilitates a film deal and who usually has little creative or technical involvement  line producer  the individual in charge of the daily business of tracking costs and maintaining the production schedule of a film  unit production manager  a member of a film’s production team responsible for reporting and managing the details of receipts and purchases  above-the-line expenses  a film’s initial costs of contracting the major personnel, such as directors and stars, as well as administrative and organizational expenses in setting up a film production  below-the-line expenses  the technical and material costs—costumes, sets, transportation, and so on—involved in the actual making of a film  production values  an evaluative term about the quality of the film images and sounds that reflects the investment expenses  casting directors  the individual responsible for identifying and selecting which actors would work best in particular roles  agents  individuals who represent actors, directors, writers, and other major personnel employed by a film production by contacting and negotiating with writers, casting directors, and producers  package-unit approach  an approach to film production established in the mid-1950s whereby the agent, producer, and casting director assembled a script, stars, and other major personnel as a key first step in a major production  location scouting  determining and securing suitable places besides studio sets to use for shooting particular movie scenes  art directors  the individual responsible for supervising the conception and construction of the physical environment in which the actors appear, including sets, locations, props, and costumes  set designers  the individual responsible for supervising the conception and construction of movie sets  production designer  the person in charge of the film’s overall look  costume designer  individuals who plan and prepare how actors will be dressed for parts  film shoot  the weeks or months of actual shooting, on set or on location  director  the chief creative presence or the primary manager in film production, responsible for overseeing virtually all the work of making a movie  auteurs  the French term of “author”; the individual credited with the creative vision defining a film; implies a director whose unique style is apparent across his or her body of work  takes  a single filmed version of a shot during production or a single shot onscreen  blocking  the arrangement and movement of actors in relation to each other within the mise-en-scène  cinematographer  the member of the film crew who selects the cameras, film stock, lighting, and lenses to be used as well as the camera setup or position  camera operator  a member of the film crew in charge of physically manipulating the camera, overseen by the cinematographer  production sound mixer  the sound engineer on the production set  grips  a crew member who installs lighting and dollies  dailies  the footage shot on a single day of filming  selects  the director’s chosen takes to use in editing a scene  principal photography  the majority of footage filmed for a project; takes place during production phase  editing  the process of selecting and joining film footage and shots; the individual responsible for this is the editor  special effects  a variety of illusions created during the filmmaking process through mechanical means, such as the building of models, or on-set explosions, or with the camera, such as slow motion, color filters, process shots, and matte shots; sometimes used interchangeably with visual effects, which more often denotes digital effects added in post-production  visual effects  special effects created in post-production through digital imaging  green screen technology  a technique for creating visual effects in which actors are filmed in front of a green screen and later superimposed onto a computer-generated or filmed background  motion-capture technology  a special effects technology used to incorporate an actor’s physical features into a computer-generated character  computer-generated imagery (CGI)  still or animated images created through digital computer technology; first introduced in the
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