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GGR100H1 (41)
Chapter 1

A summary of Chapter 1 from the textbook.

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University of Toronto St. George
Joseph Leydon

Chapter 1 World Urban Development Total world population (2005): 6.5 billion Percent Urban population (2005): 48.5% Most Urbanized countries (100%): Nauru, Singapore Least Urbanized countries: Burundi, Bhutan, Trinidad & Tobago. Number of Megacities: 20 Largest Urban Agglomerations: Tokyo, Mexico City, New York. The proportion of people living in cities varies widely, from 10% in Burundi to 100% in Singapore. Megacities: Cities with over 10 million populations. Largest urban areas. Evolution of cities: pre-industrial, Industrial and post-industrial. Cities are usually classified by function: market centres, transportation centres and specialized service centres. 4 model of land use in cities: concentric zone model, sector model, multiple nuclei model and inverse concentric zone model. The more developed countries (MDC), urbanization is due to industrialization North America, Europe, some Asian countries and Australia. The less developed countries, urbanization is due to the rural area becoming crowded and people escaping from misery. The urban population is increasing more than the world population. The pace of the urban increase has been most dramatic in the developing countries, namely the Global South. Urban ecology: cities and humans are not separate from nature and must therefore be considered in the study of ecosystems. An ecosystem approach to studying the city. Both nature and humans. Urban political ecology: the understanding the intervention of political institutions in the interaction between humans and the environment in city settings. Marxian urban political ecology: understand the inequality and how power and injustice are created around urban nature sites of capitalist urbanization. Approaches, Concepts and definitions Urbanism: broad concept generally refers to all aspects of geography political, social and economic of the urban way of life. It is the end result of urbanization. It differentiates rural way of life to urban way of life. Urbanization: Movement of people from rural to urban areas and the change of lifestyle resulting from leaving the country-side. www.notesolution.com
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