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GGR100H1 (41)
Chapter 6

Summary of Chapter 6. The Cities of Russia

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Joseph Leydon

Cities of Russia Total population: 143 million % Urban population: 73.4% Total Urban population: 105 million Urban Growth Rate: -0.57% Number of Megacities: 1 3 Largest cities: Moscow, St Petersburg, Novosibirsk World cities: Moscow Key Chapter Themes: 3 distinct eras: Tsarist, Soviet (Communist) and Post-Soviet. Urban landscape of Russia portrays the 3 distinct eras: Tsarist-era buildings and monuments, concrete-and-steel structures of the Soviet-era and the newly erected European style of the post- Soviet-era. th 2 reconstruction phases in the 20 century, one after the creation of the Soviet Union in 1917 and the other when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. Main pattern in urban system was established in the tsarist era. Russia has historically experienced urban growth and contraction for the last thousand years. As a result of the disintegration of the Soviet-era socialist support system, crime and corruption have hindered the emergence of a democratic post-Soviet government and civil society. Environmental issues recognized as severe and have become an important issue to be addressed by Post-Soviet City leaders. In the post-Soviet period, cities are no longer subsidized by the central government Cities that are prospering are those with superior location, strong historic roots, or attractive environment for foreign investment and economic growth. Urban landscape of Russia characterized by ornate Tsarist-era buildings and monuments, concrete-and-steel structures of the Soviet-era and the newly erected European style of the post-Soviet-era. Multi-cultural urban populations. Occurred during most of the 20 century, since the resignation of the last Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. 15 independent states of which Russia Federation was the Largest. Ruralization a process where workers moved from cities back to rural areas to practice subsistence farming. Uneven distribution of wealth across Russian cities. The harsh climate, a poorly developed network of roads and immense distances worsen the division of the Russian urban system. The advent of commercial retailers, private transportation, and new housing construction is changing Russian urban landscapes. The Soviet planning system resulted in the construction of cities in unexpected, potentially hazardous, and ultimately unsustainable sites, such as the remote reaches of Siberia and the Arctic. Cities are often sited near natural resources. For example, Norilsk, a nickel-melting city with over 100,000 inhabitants, was built far above the Arctic Circle. www.notesolution.com
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