Textbook Notes (362,879)
Canada (158,081)
German (5)
GER100Y1 (3)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Grammar Summary (Glossary XXL)

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
John Noyes

GER100: Chapter 8 Summary (Schritte International, Niveau A1/2) Chapter 8 Glossary Review Nomen: Wortbildung - Nouns: Formation • Recall that feminine nouns are created by adding -in, and sometimes an umlaut to the stem (Ärtzin). • To form a feminine plural, just add an extra n before adding the -en as usual (Freundinnen). • Professions that end in -mann will become frau for the feminine version (Kaufmann - Kaufrau). Präterium of the verbs sein and haben • “das Perkekt” tense is used always for everyday talking... • except for sein and haben. They need the “Präterium.” • sein’s stem is war. You then add the present tense endings of a modal verb like können. Sein form Ending Können form (comparison) ich war - kann du warst st kannst er/es/sie - kann wir warren en können ihr wart t könnt sie/Sie warren en können GER100: Chapter 8 Summary (Schritte International, Niveau A1/2) • haben’s stem is hat, plus an extra t. You then add the same endings as you see in möchte. Haben form Ending Möchte form (comparison) ich hatte ending möchte du hattest est möchtest er/es/sie hatte e möchte wir hatten en möchten ihr hattet et möchtet Modale Präposition - The modal prepositions: als and nominative • the prepositions als is used before nouns, without the article, to designate a profession. • always followed by a nominative noun • appears with arbeiten and other expressions (eine Ausbildung machen, eine Stelle haben/suchen, einen Job haben/suchen...) ex. Ich mache eine Ausbildung als Hotel fachmann. I’m doing a training course as a hotel professional. ex. Er ist Programmierer, aber er arbeitet als Techniker. He is a programmer, but he works as a technician. GER100: Chapter 8 Summary (Schritte International, Niveau A1/2) Temporal Prepositions (relating to time) - vor, seit, + dative “Wann?” • If someone asks wann? Answer with vor... Refers to time elapsed since action occurred. • • Works like “ago” in English, but it’s a preposition and goes at the beginning. ex. Wann haben Sie geheiratet? - Vor einem Jahr. When did you get married? - a year ago. ex. Wann bist du aus dem Urlaub gekommen? - vor drei Wochen. When did you get back from vacation? - Three weeks ago. if wann? is referring to days of the week, time of day, clock times, or months/years/ • seasons, you will use Am, Um or Im accordingly... Use Examples Am - days of the week am Montag, am - time of day Wochenende, (except in der Nacht). am Nachmittag. Um -clock times um zhen (Uhr) Im - months im Juli - years im Jahr 2000 - seasons im Sommer Reading a specific year • Since the influence of English, it is perfectly ok to simply state the year without having to say im Jahr... Just like one might ask, when were you born? You can say “1994.” Instead of “In the year 1994”. • In between the years 1100 and 1999, years are given in hundreds. ex. 11
More Less

Related notes for GER100Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.