HPS202 Textbook Reading - Misa

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Department
History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Course
HPS202H1
Professor
G.Garbutt
Semester
Fall

Description
HPS202Misa Science and Systemssciencebased tech alter how goods produced and consumed industry society evolving second industrial revo after 1870technologically stabilized organized capitalismfocused on improving and stabilizing existing systemsinventing new onestech take present meaning as set of devicesBritish scientists discover most relevant science but industrialists largely failfirst sciencebased industry started with black tar from coal Coke unwanted but worked into purple dye mauve after experiments one burns himself to deathPerkin who develop and marketed set up dye factories chemistsharmful substancesuniversities and pure research in Germanyorganic chemistry and naturally occurring dyescommercial blockbusters of aniline yellow Bismarck browninvention as construction bound to rulesby 1897 4000 German chemists outside universities with colleagues in uni patent laws in Germany 1877 law having shortcoming in not covering new chemical substances chemical inventions patented only if concern particular process precedent setting case Congo Red new doctrine of new technical effect new legal justification save scientific mass labor stabilize mode of innovationmass production methodsGerman chemical industry dominanceWWI Chemists War poison gas Germany involvementWWIIentanglement of German chemical industry with Third Reich and systemstabilizing innovationcorporatepolitical forms needed companies seeking method of halting competition from before warEdison and difference separating systemoriginating inventions from systemstabilizing onesEdisons time telegraph operators virtual community tapping out tips gossip and news Edisons first patents result of telegraph industrys transition from citytocity ststem to intraurban phase Western Union demanding rapid onsite delivery of marketmoving info news instantly to own officesstruggle to balance inventive freedom with adequate fundingWestern Union large firm usually funds important inventions from Edisonresent capitalists commissioning work but need financeinvention factory 1876 promise to achieve minor invention every ten days and big thing every six months or so achieve it1877 talking machine early phonograph and mic for telephone year after Alexander Graham Bellpublicizing kept self in public eye
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