Chapter 8 textbook notes

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14 Dec 2010
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Rome and the Papal States
other communities also made major contributions to the Renaissance
oRome, though no longer the centre of a vast world empire, was mostly sustained by the
huge bureaucracy of the RCC and tourism (pilgrimages)
[except for period between 1305 and 1376 when the headquarters of the church
was in Avignon]
many prominent families who tried to control the papacy
Cola Di Rienzo (1313-1354)
took advantage of absent papacy in 1347 and 1354
oattempted to win Romes independence from papal control
eloquent speaker
1347 revolt
omanaged to convince some followers that he was the illegitimate son of the HRE Henrich
VII and as such could be the new Roman tribune of the people” who would restore
Rome to its former glory
ohe and his followers managed to gain control of Rome for 7 months
toppled by combined forces of major Roman families and papacy
1350: went to HRE Charles IV and attempted to gain his support
oimprisoned him until Pope Innocent VI secure his release
hoped Riezno, still influential, could help move the papacy from Avignon
1354 revolt:
oonce again took over Rome
odespite pretensions of planning to restore glory of ancient Roman republic, showed
himself to be a petty tyrant
okilled in revolt less than a year later by the common people who felt betrayed by him
Renaissance Popes
late 1350s: papacy restored its control
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1376: papacy moved back to Rome
ofollowed by Great Western Schism with one Pope in Rome and another in Avignon
with reign of Pope Martin V (r. 1417-31) papacy was back in Rome for good
papal leadership during Renaissance determined to restore Rome to her former glory
Pope Nicholas V (r. 1447-1455)
omassive cleanup campaign
constructed new Vatican palace
rebuilt the Trevi fountaion
began rebuilding St. Peters Basilica
obrought in Lorenzo Valla to help create the superb Vatican library
Pope Pius II (r. 1458-1464)
oleading humanist
osupported artists and writers
otried to launch crusade against Ottomans
Pope Sixtus IV (r. 1471-1484)
oattempted to establish political power and prestige of the papcy
oruthless
plotted deaths of his enemies (Pazzi Plot of 1478)
obuilt Sistine Chapel in St. Peter’s
Pope Alexander VI (r. 1455-1458)
ocorrupt
as a cardinal indulged in licentious dances and an orgy with several married
women
obribed his way to throne of St. Peter’s
oas Pope, continued to live extravagantly
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Document Summary

Rome and the papal states other communities also made major contributions to the renaissance: rome, though no longer the centre of a vast world empire, was mostly sustained by the huge bureaucracy of the rcc and tourism (pilgrimages) [except for period between 1305 and 1376 when the headquarters of the church was in avignon]  many prominent families who tried to control the papacy. Cola di rienzo (1313-1354) took advantage of absent papacy in 1347 and 1354: attempted to win rome"s independence from papal control eloquent speaker. 1347 revolt: managed to convince some followers that he was the illegitimate son of the hre henrich. Vii and as such could be the new roman tribune of the people who would restore. Rome to its former glory: he and his followers managed to gain control of rome for 7 months toppled by combined forces of major roman families and papacy.

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