HIS109Y1 Chapter Notes -Cuius Regio, Eius Religio, Religious Pluralism, Autocracy

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
HIS109Y1
Western Civilizations: p. 426 - 434, 440 - 446
& Vol. 1: p. 455 - 458, 478, 484 - 485
& Seminar 4 - The Wars of Religion
October 22nd & October 24th/2012
Perspectives From the Past: p. 455 - 458, 478, 484 - 485
A Venetian Ambassador’s Report on the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
Giovanni Michiel
-> the Renaissance implemented permanent diplomats into the state system and the
Venetian diplomats were considered to be the most skilled and respected
- admiral de Coligny was shot in the arm before the massacre, so the Duke of Guise
knew he might be attacked
- the French say that the King ordered the attack
- the slaughter went passed Sunday for two or three days
- men killed each other because of personal vendettas and claimed it was because they
were a Protestant or a Catholic
- up to 4000 men were killed
1) This report indicated the the massacre began at the top levels of society who ordered
the assassinations take place.
2) A person was identified as a Catholic or a Hugenot by their neighbours, even if they
weren’t necessarily either.
3) This conflict and how quickly it spread through France indicated that religious identity
was one of the most important identifiers in the country. This is why the spark of the
assassinations at the wedding could cause such uproar.
4) This report indicates that the assassination of the admiral was ordered by the King of
France but this was not concretely proven.
5) The massacre was caused by the dowager Queen Catherine and her Catholic
supporters.
6) From this we can surmise that religious circumstances were more important than
political freedoms.
The Religious Peace of Augsburg
-> the work that officially ended the struggle between HRE Charles V and an alliance of
Lutheran Princes
- allowed religious freedom for Lutheran to enjoy their belief, liturgy and ceremonies
- only allowed freedom for Lutherans and Catholics, others would still be persecuted
1) This document was called “Religious Peace” since it ensured just enough religious
tolerance to end the sustained fighting between Lutheran princes and the HRE.
2) This document specifically allowed public worship by Lutherans as well as Lutheran
princes to hold land.
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