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Chapter 4

HIS344Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Kim Il-Sung, Rural Development, Malayan Communist Party

Course Code
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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Provisional partition of Korea along the 38th parallel
Soviets in North and Americans in South
North had heavy industry and raw materials
South had light industry and arable land (2/3 of population)
Possible that Stalin assumed they would just give up the territory later
Left-wing indigenous population in South objected to American
rule --> violent conflict between AMG (right) and left
USSR opposed
USA and UN wanted to conduct elections for the whole country
North refused to participate under Kim Il Sung
Successfully held elections in South
North as authoritarian left wing
South as authoritarian right wing
Sharp divisions - north and south
Both wanted to reunite the country - dispute on who should win
Soviet and American troops withdrew - left in a state of instability
Soviets left arms and troops
Americans refused to supply --> didn't care about Korea, didn't want to
be dragged into war
Rhee loosing political support
Military weakness and diplomatic isolation - South
1950 Stalin finally approved invasion North --> South
UN endorsed American-led military action against North
Incorrect, documents indicate that China and USSR only agreed
after the plan seemed sure and Kim kept pushing to execute it
America got involved because they assumed the Soviets were trying to
test American resolve to get involved in East Asia
MacArthur and Americans were able to push North Koreans back to
38th parallel
USA government secretly approved for MacArthur to push beyond into
North Korea
Kim did not want to appeal to China until it was too late --> waited
until American troops passed the 38th parallel
Chinese pushed back and recaptured Seoul
Limited and disguised Russian support
MacArthur "there is no substitute for victory" --> directly challenged
Truman, Truman fires
Talks break down repeatedly
Disagreement about prisoners of war
USA goes to USSR and China secretly about peace
The Korean War and Its Repercussions for the Far East
Keylor, pp. 242-257, 327-330
4. From Cold War to Hot War
September 26, 2018
5:00 PM
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