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HIS103Y1 (17)
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The Wars of Louis XIV Introduction

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Department
History
Course
HIS103Y1
Professor
Ebba Kurt
Semester
Fall

Description
TheWars of Louis XIVIntroduction Monday,September 26, 2011 4:13AM "Warmaybeacontinuationofpolitics byothermeans,butoncethesemeansaretakentheybecome cardinaltotheformationandimplementationofpolicyandtotheexistenceofthosecaughtupin the maelstromofviolence."(2) - Warwas fundamentallydiffb/wLouisXIVandNapoleonicWars - "Waras Process" 1. Indecisivecharacterofbattleandsiege 2. Slowtempoofoperations 3. Strongresolvetomakewarfeedwar 4. Powerfulinfluenceofattrition 5. Considerableemphasisgiventoongoingdiplomaticnegotiations - WarhelpedtocentralizepowerinFrance ○ "Meetingtheneedsofwarrequiredthestatebureaucracytoexpandinpersonnelandauthority" ○ "Localprivilegesandinstitutionsdiminishedasthoseasthecentreincreased" ○ "Totheextentthatwarprovidedtherationalforgovtgrowth,itbecameanimportantforceinthe stateformation"(3) - Warcontributedtonationalistfeeling ○ Soldierswereprotectingmonarch,countryandpeople ○ "Alongwiththemonarchy,thearmythusbecamethemostactivetoolin la formationunitaireof France"(4) - KINGLOUISXIV: ○ SupremeGeneral ○ AbsoluteMonarch ○ Onecouldnothaveexistedwithouttheother The Warsof Louis XIV Warof Devolution(1667-68) TheDutchWar (1672-78) Warof theReunions(1683-84) NineYearsWar(1688-97) Warof SpanishSuccession(1701-14) Problemsof French monarchy? - Greatpowerconflicts - Religiousturmoil - Localrevolt - Aristocraticindependence FirstministersofKingLouisshapedFrenchforeignpolicy: 1. Cardinal Richelieu ○ WantedtobreakHapsburgencirclementofFrance ○ EnteredintoThirtyYearsWar ○ Wishedtogivepo
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