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Seminar 7 - The Scientific Revolution.doc

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Kenneth Bartlett

HIS109Y1 Western Civilizations: p. 493 - 515 & Vol. 2: p. 182 - 215 & Seminar 7 - The Scientific Revolution November 14th/2012 Western Civilizations... - science entails at least 3 things: a body of knowledge, a system of inquiry, and a community of practitioners - the scientific revolution established this method of inquiry as well as forming a society of brilliant thinkers and patrons - science was slow to work its way into popular understanding; it did not necessarily undermine religion - one of the most decisive breaks between the middle ages and the modern world - behind the efforts to understand the natural world lay a universal conviction that the natural world had been created by God - renaissance humanism helped to prepare the ground for this revolution - the energies that many humanists put into translating classical texts, many of which discussed concepts of the natural world, made these ideas available to a wider audience - ie. the humanist rediscovery of works by Archimedes influenced modern scientists like Galileo - the renaissance also encouraged the collaboration of artists and intellectuals like Leonardo da Vinci who was an artist and scientist - the view of an earth centered universe was influenced by the work of Aristotle - however by the late middle ages, many scientists had observed things which contradicted this early Greek theory - Copernicus proposed that the earth was neither stationary nor the center of the planetary system - his ideas contradicted years of astronomical thought but he still published “On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres” in 1543 - Galileo became famous for his discoveries made with the telescope in 1609 - he found that the moon wasn’t smooth but had mountains and plains, features of an earth like landscape - he then took a position as a tutor for the Medicis - many people saw Galileo’s w
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