1848 Revolutions

4 Pages

Course Code
Vasilis Dimitriadis

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
19 CENTURY EUROPE LECTURE 10 1848 REBELLIONS February revolution in France - Gvnt caught between nobles who insisted the monarchy had no legitimacy and republicans demanding a regime based on popular sovereignty - Poor harvest - Republicans called for an expanded electoral franchise o Banquet to be held on February 22, 1848 cancelled by premier -> riots o Troops fired on protestors, killed 40 people - Louis-Phillipe abdicates, people declare second French republic - Chamber of deputies creates provisional gvnt o Declares universal male suffrage and abolishes slavery in colonies - Poor economy, unemployment o 45 centimes tax – raised taxes by 45% - Gvnt looked after unemployed, maximum of 10 hours of work in Paris (12 in provinces) - Women in Paris sought equality before the law, right to votes, right to divorce, and better working conditions - April elections resulted in a conservative majority with republicans winning only 100 out of 900 seats German states - Liberals and radicals demanded: o End to all remaining feudal obligations owed from peasants to nobles o End of political repression o Granting of a constitution o Freedom of assembly and the press o Expansion of the electoral franchise - Liberals rejected universal male suffrage - Radicals believed on revolution could guarantee results - Revolution in France convinced German rulers to grant liberal concessions - March 18, 1848 – King Frederick William IV convokes the United Diet o Replaced the more conservative cabinet with a liberal one o Promised to end censorship and grant constitution o Would push for joint constitution of the German states - Shots were fires, barricades put up - Army killed 250 insurgents - Artisans demanded state protection Central Europe - Liberals wanted constitutional reforms, complete emancipation of the peasantry, greater efficiency in the administrations of Hapsburg lands, freedom of the press, and the expansion of the electoral franchise - Hungary wanted independence from Austria th - March 13 , 1848 o Student and artisans in Vienna demanded reforms o Troops fired killing 7 protestors o King Ferdinand I gets rid of Metternich, capitulates to liberal demands - Workshops opened up for employment - Expansion of electoral franchise - September 1848 – abolition of feudal peasantry o Compensated lords for losses - Kossuth and allies created the march laws o Delegates to the Hungarian diet were to be elected by male property holders o Hungary would have a separate army and conduct its own foreign policy - Minorities in Hungary (Croats, Serbians, and Romanians) were not consulted - Hapsburgs rescinded concessions to the march laws - Czechs in Bohemia demanded an autonomous state only loosely tied to the old monarchy in Germany (like hungary) o Wanted Czech to be equal to Germany Italy - Typical concessions to typical liberal demands - March 18 , 1848 o 10,000 people marched to the governor general with a petition calling for liberal reforms o Barricades, street fighting - Insurgents established a provisional republican government - King Charles Albert of Piedmont Sardinia led an invasion against Austria in pursuit of Italian unification - Defeat of Austrian army, union of Lombardy and Piedmont - August 1848 – Austrian army defeat Piedmontese army - King Charles negotiated an armistice with Austria COUNTER-REVOLUTIONS France th - May 15 – radicals tried and failed to dissolve the constituent assembly and create a social republic o Radicals were now arrested rd - June 23 – the assembly announced the workshops would be closed in three days o Unmarried workers would be drafted into the army, married workers would be sent to the provinces
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.